学习啦  伟鑫   2017-04-27 22:34:12



  Steven Allan Spielberg was born on December 18, 1946 in Cincinnati, Ohio, Jewish descent, film director, screenwriter and filmmaker.

  Steven Spielberg's first film was filmed at a hotel in Scottsdale, Arizona. At the age of 13, Spielberg photographed a war movie "Nowhere" in the "Canyon Film Festival" in the award. In 1971, Spielberg directed his first television film "Duel". In 1975 the film "Great White Shark", the 1982 film "E.T." to Steven Spielberg for the first time won the Oscar for best director award nomination. In 1993, Steven Spielberg directed the "Jurassic Park" release. In the same year with the film "Schindler's list" won the Oscar for best film, best director and many other awards; 1999 again by virtue of the movie "Save the soldier Ryan" won the 71st Oscar for best director and many other awards, 2009 Won the 66th American Film and Television Golden Globe Award for Lifetime Achievement. 2013 "Time" magazine included him in the century one of the most important figures.

  史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格(Steven Allan Spielberg)1946年12月18日生于美国俄亥俄州的辛辛那提市,犹太人血统,电影导演、编剧和电影制作人。

  史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格的第一部电影是在亚利桑那州斯考茨德尔的一家旅馆中拍摄的。13岁时,斯皮尔伯格拍摄了一部战争电影《无处容身》在“峡谷影展”中获奖。1971年,斯皮尔伯格导演了他的第一部电视片《决斗》。1975年拍摄了电影《大白鲨》,1982年的电影《E.T.》 使史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格首次获得当年的奥斯卡最佳导演奖提名。1993年史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格执导的《侏罗纪公园》上映。同年凭借电影《辛德勒的名单》获得奥斯卡最佳影片、 最佳导演等多项大奖;1999年再次凭借电影 《拯救大兵瑞恩》获得第71届奥斯卡最佳导演等多项大奖,2009年获得第66届美国电影电视金球奖终身成就奖 。2013年《时代》杂志将他列入世纪百大最重要的人物的一员。


  Steven Spielberg was born on December 18, 1946 in Cincinnati, Ohio, an American Jewish family, whose father is an electronic computer expert, his mother is a classical music player. As early as the youth, Spielberg has been and his friends began to produce some adventure movies. On the 12th birthday, the father gave him a pocket camera, which made him more fascinated by the film.

  His first film was filmed in a hotel in Scottsdale, Arizona. Later, he joined the Boy Scout in 1958, because he took a 9-minute, 8-second short film titled "The Last Battle". At the age of thirteen, Spielberg photographed a 40-minute war movie - "nowhere to live" and won again.

  In 1963, at the Acadia High School in Phoenix, Arizona, 16-year-old Spielberg himself directed his first independent film - 140 minute science fiction movie "Firelight". The cost of $ 400 film in the local cinema after the show made 100 US dollars profit.

  After his parents divorced, Spielberg moved to his father with his father in California. His three sisters and mothers stay in Arizona. In 1965 he graduated from Saladoga High School in Sarardooga, California, during which he joined Eagle Scout. After moving to California, Spielberg applied three times to join the film academy in Long Beach, but because of bad C and other results were shut out. He also became a member of ThetaChi Brotherhood when he entered California State University in the 1960s.

  In 1968, Steven Spielberg received an investment of $ 100,000 from an open-minded instrument company, who directed a short film "Ampere Lin" with a thirty-five centimeter camera to tell a pair of young lovers Mohawi Desert after the ride together to the story of California seaside, the results in the second session of the Atlanta Film Festival award.

  In 1969 Steven Spiel made a part of the TV series "Night Gallery" - "Eyes", starring Joan Crawford. Later, he directed another episode of "Marcus Welby" and a science fiction drama "L.A.2017", which caused the attention of the global studio, and he signed a short-term contract. Then he continued to direct the "night gallery" part, as well as several other TV series, and finally ushered in the ability to direct their first complete TV series "Columbus."

  In 1971, he was interviewed by the general manager of the global television department of the company and eventually became a director of a long-term contract with Hollywood studios. Universal and he signed a contract for three films. The first film was "Duel" by Richard Manson as the script adapted.

  In 1974, Spielberg completed his first story in the cinema, "Silly Queen Escape", which tells the story of a pair of desperate mandarin ducks recaptured by their police. This is also his subsequent musicians John Williams for the first time the cooperation, the film is Williams and the future style is very different from a soundtrack.

  In 1975, he commanded a crew and a machine shark to shoot the "great white shark".

  Beginning in 1977, directed and produced "third category of contact".

  In 1981 began and Harrison Ford cooperation, directed the film "Indiana Jones" series of films.

  1982 directed the film "E.T.", won the Oscar Award for best director nomination.

  In 1985 for the first time directed a biography "purple". In this film, Spielberg abandoned the previous happy and pleasant stories, captured the essence of the winning novel, a true reflection of a black woman's life. But this was nominated up to eleven films in the year's Oscar did not win a prize.

  In the mid-1980s, Spielberg added an identity - filmmaker. At that time he had produced several cartoons, including "TinyToon Adventures", "Animaniacs", "Pinky and the Brain", "Toonsylvania" and "Freakazoid!", As well as "Animated Film" and "The Land Before Time". He is also the producer of the drama "ER".

  In 1987, he went to Shanghai, China, shooting the "sun empire." The film was nominated by the American Film Critics Committee as the best film.

  In 1989, he brought "TheDig" game ideas into LucasArts, and has been supporting the project until the 1995 release. He also worked with software developer KnowledgeAdventure to develop a multimedia game "Steven Spielberg's Director's Chair", which was released in 1996. Spielberg appears in the game to guide the player. His image was also used as a trademark of Lego film production game equipment, and the proceeds were used for the Starbright Foundation.

  In 1991, he took the film "Captain Hawke" and succeeded.

  In 1993, Spielberg became the executive producer of the TV series "SeaQuest DSV", which was similar to "The Next Generation", setting the story back in the "near future" by Roy Scheider (the actor also Participated in the "great white shark" shooting) and Jonathan Brandis starring, every Sunday at 8 pm on the NBC broadcast. In 1993, he produced the Jurassic Park with a cost of over $ 60 million. The film created a dinosaur world and quickly set off a dinosaur hot in the United States and spread to Japan, Europe and Southeast Asia. A few months later, he launched a "Jurassic Park" style of different realistic lyrical human black and white film "Schindler's list." In the film, Spielberg to the Second World War in the German Nazi massacre of six million Jews tragedy onto the screen. The film uses a black and white film and portable camera. The film not only won the high box office, but also with the "Jurassic Park" together, at the Oscar awards ceremony received a number of awards.

  Beginning in 1994, Spielberg no longer director of the film, but spend more time to accompany his family, and set up his new production company - DreamWorks. In October 1994, Spielberg and Jeffrey Cassenberg, David Geffen co-founded a film company belonging to their own "DreamWorks". Three names represent "S", "K" and "G" in DreamWorks SKG, respectively. DreamWorks products include live movies, animated films, TV shows, home video entertainment, recordings, books, toys and consumer products.

  In 1997, he re-launched the "Jurassic Park" sequel "lost world". Then, Spielberg introduced a film depicting the fate of the black "cut off the tide" by the black star Morgan Freeman and Oscar winner Anthony Hopkins starred. The film was released in December 1997, was accused of plagiarism of other people's novels, so the final box office results are not very satisfactory.

  In 1998, Spielberg produced a World War II feature film "Save the soldier Ryan." The film tells a story by a team of US troops led by Captain Miller (Tom Hanks) in France to find a lost soldier. The film is DreamWorks's first masterpiece, by its joint production and Paramount. "Save the soldier Ryan" to reproduce the Normandy landing war scenes. Spielberg also won the Oscar for Best Director Award for the second time.

  In 1999, Spielberg and Hanks produced a mini-TV series "Brothers", which was adapted according to Stephen Ambrose's work. This HBO TV series of 10 episodes, recorded the US 101 airborne division 506 airborne infantry regiment E even the story. The series won several awards at the Golden Globe and Emmy.

  In 2001, Spielberg completed his friend, director Stanley Kubrick's legacy "artificial intelligence". Spielberg also worked with actor Tom Cruise for the first time to produce a science fiction film "Minority Report", which was adapted from PhilipK.Dick's science fiction, telling a police officer in Washington, DC, to be killed Met the man's story. Due to the philosophical hypothesis of the film and the suspense of the structure, it is seen as a tribute to the black film futuristic works. "Minority Report" made a $ 300 million global box office.

  In 2002, Spielberg directed the film "Cat and Mouse Game", the film tells the story of a young master of the trick.

  In 2004, Spielberg collaborated with Tom Hanks again to take the film "Happy Terminal" alongside Catherine Zeta-Jones and Stanley Tucci.

  In 2005, "Empire" magazine named Spielberg as one of the greatest directors in the history of the film. In the same year, he remembered the modern version of "World War II" (Paramount and DreamWorks co-produced) under the same name as Sci-Fi novels by H.G.Wells. Tom Cruise and Dakota Fanning starred. Like Spielberg's past films, the industrial light of the film produced a visual effect. Unlike the friendly aliens in the "E.T." and "third-class contacts", aliens in the "world war" are brutal invaders. In the same year, Spielberg's other film, "Munich", recorded the real events of the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympic Games. This is his second film to discuss the relationship between the Jews and the world. The film is adapted from Canadian journalist George Jonas's book "Vengeance: The True Story of an Israeli Counter-Terrorist Team". "Munich" won five Oscar nominations, including best film nomination, best movie clip nomination, best original music nomination, best change script nomination and best director nomination. This is Spielberg's sixth Oscar for Best Director nomination and the fifth best film nomination. In 2005, he also took part in the mini-episode "The History of the West", which won two Amy Awards, including Geoff Zanelli's original soundtrack. In 2005, he became the producer of "Memoirs of a Geisha", which was adapted from Arthur Golden's bestseller, and Spielberg intended to act as the director.

  In 2006, he and Robert Zamisky jointly produced a children's CG movie "Monster House", since the 90's "back to the next 3" after their first cooperation. At the same time, he first and Clint Eastwood cooperation, involved in the production of Eastwood's film "father's banner" and "Iwo Jima letter." With the latter film, he won the twelfth Oscar nomination (best film nomination).

  In 2007, Spielberg participated in "Disturbia" and worked with MarkBurnett to produce an unsuccessful reality show "OntheLot" about film production. He also served as a commercial blockbuster "Transformers" producer. This film by Michael Bei directed, Roberto Orci and Alex Kurtzman script, the final global box office up to 700 million US dollars.

  In 2009, Spielberg again producer the "Transformers" series of the second "Transformers 2: Fallen revenge." The film released in North America and the global sale, more than the first episode of the box office, and refresh the mainland since the introduction of the sub-system since the history of the highest box office record. In 2009, Spielberg won the 66th American Film and Television Golden Globe Award for Lifetime Achievement.

  In 2010, in the "Brothers" on the basis of the original team and directed the "bloody war Pacific", the film is also considered the classic war drama HBO "brother even" sisters, Steven Spielberg as director, Tom Hanks as the lead producer, "Bloody Pacific" on March 14, 2010 premiere.

  2011 "Thai if the planet" "Falling Star" two plays. July 22, 2011 Steven Spielberg confirmed at the San Diego International Anime Show that the fourth "Jurassic Park" was filmed. He also revealed that will be directed before the "Jurassic Park" and "Great White Shark" made into 3D version.

  On February 9, 2012, Spielberg directed the movie "Lincoln" in North America, the film cost of $ 900,000, made more than 100 million Dollar box office.

  In 2014, Steven Spielberg began filming a film about the Cold War theme, starring Tom Hanks. But also intentionally directed about the 15th century Spanish adventure military strategist Hernan Cortez invaded the Mexican civilization of the ancient country Aztec's epic movie "Monte Zuma", the film's script by the late writers Daleton Trump carry out. At the same time, the film "dream giant" and "robot Apocalypse" is also being prepared.

  In 2015, Steven Spielberg filmed the Cold War thriller "The Spy Bridge", which was released on October 16 of the same year.

  2016, to determine the directed film "Indiana Jones 5". Finalize the religious theme film "kidnapping Edgar Motola" director program. Confirm the remake of Broadway classic musical "West Story"




  父母离婚之后,斯皮尔伯格随他的父亲搬到加利福尼亚。他的三个妹妹和母亲留在亚利桑那。1965年,他从加利福尼亚萨拉多加的萨拉多加高中毕业,在这段时间里,他加入了鹰军(Eagle Scout)。在搬到加利福尼亚之后,斯皮尔伯格三次申请加入位于长滩的电影学校,但均因糟糕的C等成绩被拒之门外。在20世纪60年代进入加州州立大学时,他也成为了ThetaChi兄弟会的成员。


  1969年史蒂文·斯皮尔伯制作了 电视剧《夜间画廊》的一部分——《Eyes》,本片由琼·克劳馥主演。之后,在他又执导了另一集电视剧《Marcus Welby》以及一部科幻剧集《L.A.2017》,后者引起了环球制片厂的注意,并又和他签署了一个短期合同。接着,他又继续执导了《夜间画廊》的一部分,以及其他几部电视剧集,终于迎来了能够自己执导的第一部完整电视剧《哥伦布》。




  1977年开始, 执导了和制作了《第三类接触》。




  20世纪80年代中期起斯皮尔伯格就增加了一个身份——电影制片人。那时他已经制作了几部动画片,包括《TinyToon Adventures》、《Animaniacs》、《Pinky and the Brain》、《Toonsylvania》和《Freakazoid!》,以及《Animated Film》和《The Land Before Time》。他也是剧集《ER》的执行制片人。


  1989年,他将“TheDig”的游戏创意带入LucasArts公司,并一直支持这个项目直到1995年游戏发布。他还同软件开发商KnowledgeAdventure合作开发了多媒体游戏“Steven Spielberg's Director's Chair”,该游戏于96年发布。斯皮尔伯格出现在游戏中以指导游戏者。他的形象还被用作乐高一套电影制作游戏设备的商标 ,所得收益被用于Starbright基金会。


  1993年,斯皮尔伯格成为电视剧集《SeaQuest DSV》的执行制片人,该科幻剧集类似于《The Next Generation》,将故事背景设在“不久的将来”,由Roy Scheider(该演员也参与过《大白鲨》的拍摄)和Jonathan Brandis主演,每周日晚上8点开始在NBC上播放。1993年,他用6千多万美元的成本制作了《侏罗纪公园》。这部影片创造了一个恐龙世界并迅速在全美掀起了一场恐龙热且波及到日本、欧洲和东南亚。数月之后,他又推出一部与《侏罗纪公园》风格迥异的写实抒情的人文黑白片《辛德勒的名单》。在该片中,斯皮尔伯格把第二次世界大战中德国纳粹屠杀六百万犹太人的惨剧搬上了银幕。影片采用了黑白底片与手提式摄影机。影片不仅赢得了高票房,还与《侏罗纪公园》一起,在奥斯卡颁奖礼上获得了多项奖项。

  1994年开始,斯皮尔伯格不再导演影片,而是花更多的时间陪伴家人,并着手组建他的新制片公司——梦工厂 。1994年10月,斯皮尔伯格与杰弗瑞·卡森伯格、大卫·格芬共同创立了一个属于他们自己的电影公司“梦工厂”。三人的名字分别代表DreamWorks SKG中的"S”、"K”和"G"。梦工厂的产品包括真人电影、动画片、电视节目、家庭视频娱乐、唱片、书籍、玩具和消费产品。



  1999年,斯皮尔伯格和汉克斯制作了一部迷你电视剧《兄弟连》,该电视剧根据Stephen Ambrose的著作改编。这部HBO的电视剧共十集,记叙了美军101空降师506空降步兵团E连的事迹。该剧集在金球奖和艾美奖上获得多个奖项。



  2004年,斯皮尔伯格再次和汤姆·汉克斯合作,联袂凯瑟琳·泽塔·琼斯和Stanley Tucci拍摄了影片《幸福终点站》。

  2005年,《帝国》杂志评选斯皮尔伯格为影史上最伟大的导演之一。同年,他翻拍了根据H.G.Wells的同名科幻小说改编的现代版的《世界大战》(派拉蒙和梦工厂联合制作)。汤姆·克鲁斯和达科塔·范宁出演。同斯皮尔伯格过去的电影一样, 工业光魔为本片制作了视觉效果。与《E.T.》和《第三类接触》中友善的外星人不同,《世界大战》中的外星人是残暴的入侵者。同年,斯皮尔伯格的另一部电影《慕尼黑》则记叙了1972年慕尼黑奥林匹克运动会上以色列运动员被屠杀的真实事件。这是他的第二部探讨犹太人与世界关系的电影。本片改编自加拿大记者George Jonas的著作《Vengeance: The True Story of an Israeli Counter-Terrorist Team》。《慕尼黑》获得五项奥斯卡提名,包括最佳影片提名、最佳电影剪辑提名、最佳原创音乐提名、最佳改变剧本提名和最佳导演提名 。这是斯皮尔伯格的第六次奥斯卡最佳导演提名和第五次最佳影片提名。2005年还拍摄了迷你剧集《西部风云史》,该剧集赢得两项艾米奖,其中包括Geoff Zanelli的原声创作。2005年,他成为《Memoirs of a Geisha》的制片人,该片根据Arthur Golden的畅销书改编,斯皮尔伯格原打算担任该片导演。


  2007年,斯皮尔伯格参与《Disturbia》,并和MarkBurnett合作制作了一部并不成功的关于电影制作的真人秀《OntheLot》。他还担当了商业大片《变形金刚》的监制一职。此片由迈克尔·贝执导,Roberto Orci和Alex Kurtzman编写剧本,最终全球票房高达7亿美元。

  2009年,斯皮尔伯格再次监制了《变形金刚》系列的第二部《变形金刚2:堕落者的复仇》。该片上映后在北美及全球大卖,超过了第一集的票房,并刷新了中国大陆自引入分账制以来的历史最高票房纪录。2009年,斯皮尔伯格荣获第66届美国电影电视金球奖终身成就奖 。


  2011年的《泰若星球》《陨落星辰》两部剧。2011年7月22日史蒂文·斯皮尔伯格在参加圣迭戈国际动漫展时确认,会拍摄第四部《侏罗纪公园》。他还透露会考虑将之前执导的《侏罗纪公园》和 《大白鲨》制作成3D版本。