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高考英语翻译讲解

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  高考英语繁育也是一个比较重要的考点,不仅考验个人词汇量,也考验个人的英语阅读能力,下面就是小编给大家带来的高考英语翻译讲解,希望能帮助到大家!

  高考英语翻译讲解(一)

  翻译段落:

  没有一个人将小草叫“大力士”,但是它的力量之大,的确是世所罕见。这种力,是一般人看不见的生命力,只要生命存在,这种力就要显现,上面的石块,丝毫不足以阻挡,因为它是一种“长期抗战”的力,有弹性,能屈能伸的力,有韧性,不大目的不止的力。种子不落在肥土而落在瓦砾中,有生命力的种子决不会悲观和叹气,因为有了阻力才有磨练。生命开始的一瞬间就带了斗争来的草,才是坚韧的草,也只有这种草才可以傲然地对那些玻璃棚中养育着的盆花哄笑。

  参考译文:

  Though the little grass has never been said to be Herculean, the power it shows is matchless in the world. It is an invisible force of life. So long as there is life, the force will show itself. The rock above it is not heavy enough to prevent the seed from growing, because it is a force that keeps growing over a period of time, because it is an elastic force that can shrink and expand, because it is a tenacious force that will not stop growing until it is grown.The seed does not choose to fall on fertile land but in debris, instead. The seed with life is never pessimistic or sad, for it has undergone resistance and pressure. The grass that begins to fight its way out right after its birth is strong and tenacious, and only that grass has the right to smile with pride at the potted plants in glassed green houses.

  翻译点评:

  Herculean:大力神,古希腊神话人物,如果想不到的话可以用比较口语的beefcake或者masculined guy。不过大家还是要注意,多积累一些这样的文化、文学类知识储备,以便在翻译时能做到信手拈来,传神出彩。

  matchless一句:这句话的翻译使用了逆向思维,这在英语中很常见,比如:

  这事决不可能是他干的。

  应译成He is the last person to do such a thing.

  elastic force:弹力,不会的同学亦可译成spring force/bounce,实在不会,可以换成strength,当然这就要失分了。

  tenacious:持久的,也可换成ever-lasting或者long-lasting。一般像这样简单的合成词在翻译中往往能派上大用场。

  debris:注意,末尾的s是不发音的,但是拼写的时候千万不要漏掉。

  potted plants:盆栽。一些普通的日常生活中的名词,大家可能会忽略,翻译中遇到时才恍然发现不会表达。这一类词语要多加注意,不要只将注意力集中在专业名词上面。

        高考英语翻译讲解(二)

  翻译段落:

  生存在功利社会,奔波劳顿,勾心斗角,若想做到从心所欲,难矣哉!人自孩提时代起,求学、谋职、恋爱、成家、立业、功名、财富……几乎无时不在追求,而且总也不能满足。当然事业上的进取与物欲上的贪婪,是两种截然不同的人生观,或可说是两种迥异的苦乐观。但有一点是共同的,即人生的道路并非平坦的康庄大道,事物的发展往往不以人的意志为转移。与其陶醉在“梦想成真”的幻觉中,莫若在实践中多多磨砺自己,有道是“苍天不负有心人”嘛!即或如此,也未必事事天遂人愿。总之,有追求必有烦恼,这就是生活的实际。

  参考译文:

  In a business society, where people run about in pursuit of personal gains at the expense of others, it is really difficult to do as you please. Ever since childhood we have been pursuing always; going to school, looking for a job, falling in love, getting married, and striving for success in career and accumulating wealth, but never have we seemed to be contented with ourselves. However, striving for success in career and seeking material profits are two different outlooks or, if you will, two intrinsically different views on what is hardship and what is happiness. But there is one thing that applies in either case, i.e. life is no plain sailing, and things go and grow independent of man’s will. One should instead of indulging in delusions of daydreaming, temper himself in life, as the saying goes, “Heaven does not let down the one that has a will.” Even so, one cannot expect to succeed in everything he undertakes. In short, anyone in pursuit of something is sure to be troubled by something else, and that is the way things are in life.

  翻译点评:

  四处奔波:run about来

  追逐:in pursuit of,或者直接用动词pursue

  本质地:intrinsically。如果不知道intrinsic(固有的,本质的,内在的)这个词,可以用basically、fundamentally这一类的词。也可以用其他方法来表达原文中“迥异”这个概念,如:as different as night and day,或者用diametrically,这个词词根是diameter,直径。当然,想不起来这么多,用一个totally也可以表达出这种例子。大家可以注意多积累一些这样的同义词

  康庄大道:这里以“一帆风顺”的意思来翻译:plain sailing,或者用其他意译方法,表达出“顺利”“没有挫折”之类的意思都可以。

  幻觉:delusion。这个词与illusion的区别在于,illusion仅表示“幻觉,错觉,幻想”,delusion则有“受骗,骗局;妄想症”的含义,用来表达这里的“幻觉”一词,更有“欺骗性的,不真实的”这种意味。

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