学习啦 於宝 2021-08-29 22:36:11
Passage 1 (2015•新课标全国Ⅰ)
It was raining lightly when I __1__ (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn.But I didn't care.A few hours __2__，I'd been at home in Hong Kong，with __3__ (it) choking smog.Here，the air was clean and fresh，even with the rain.
I'd skipped nearby Guilin，a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River __4__ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese __5__ (painting).Instead，I'd headed straight for Yangshuo.For those who fly to Guilin，it's only an hour away __6__ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.
Yangshuo __7__ (be) really beautiful.A study of travelers __8__ (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world.And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia.Abercrombie & Kent，a travel company in Hong Kong，says it __9__ (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people __10__ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.
4.解析：考查定语从句关系代词的用法。由句子结构不难判断这是一个定语从句。先行词为指物的mountain tops and dark waters，关系词在从句中作主语，因此答案为that/ which。
答案 that/ which
Passage 2 (2015•新课标全国Ⅱ)
The adobe dwellings(土坯房)__1__(build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even __2__ most modern of architects and engineers.In addition to their simple beauty，what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their __3__(able) to “air condition”a house without __4__(use)electric equipment.Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat __5__(slow)during cool nights，thus warming the house.When a new day breaks，the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough __6__ (cool) the house during the hot day：__7__ the same time，they warm up again for the night.This cycle __8__ (go) day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and are thus always a timely offset(抵消)for the outside temperatures.As__9__(nature) architects，the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly__10__thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.
答案 to cool
7.解析：考查固定短语的用法。at the same time意为“同时”，是一个常用介词短语。
Passage 3 (2015•福建)
Sometimes we have disagreements with people.When this (1)h_____， the important thing is to try not to let a calm discussion turn into a heated argument.Here (2)_____ my tips for you.
The (3)f_____ thing I would say is that the way you begin the conversation is very important.
Imagine you are a student and you share a flat (4)_____ another student who you think isn't doing her share of the housework.If you say, “Look, you never do your share of the housework.(5) _____ are you going to do about it?”， the discussion will very soon turn into an argument.It's much more (6)_____ (有帮助)to say something like, “I think we had (7)b_____ have another look about how we divide up the housework.Maybe there is a better way of dealing with it.”
My second piece of (8)a_____ is simple.If you're the person who is in the wrong, just admit it! This is the easiest and best way to avoid an argument.Just make an (9)_____ (道歉), and move on.The other person will have more respect for you (10)_____ the future if you do that.
1.happens 2.are 3.first 4.with 5.What 6.helpful/beneficial 7.better 8.advice 9.apology 10.in
Passage 4 (2015•湖南)
Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context.
Research has become both simpler and more complex. It's simpler because, __1__ you have a computer, you can find information you need by searching the Internet. For all your information, you don't have to go to __2__ library to find the relevant resource and take notes on it. Instead, you can find some sources from the Internet __3__ print the copies needed.Remember, however, that you should usually consult different types of sources. That is, you __4__ always rely just on the Internet for your research.
While finding information is easier than ever, at the same time, researching has become __5__ complex. There is a lot more material available, which means you may be overwhelmed __6__ the amount of information. You need to learn __7__ to sort through and find the relevant information for your particular project. Also, __8__need to check the accuracy of it.
2.解析：考查冠词。go to the library去图书馆;in the library 在图书馆。
6.解析：考查介词。be overwhelmed with 面临，陷入。
7.解析：考查疑问词。根据句意，你需要学习如何分类并找到特定任务的相关信息。how to do 是含有疑问词的不定式，在此处作宾语。
8.解析：考查代词。参见上文You need to learn how to sort throug...
Passage 5 (2014•新课标全国Ⅰ)
Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix?
In 1969，the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River near Cleveland，Ohio.It __1__ (be) unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up.The river was so polluted that it __2__(actual) caught fire and burned.Now，years later，this river is one of __3__ most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup.
But the river wasn't changed in a few days __4__ even a few months.It took years of work __5__ (reduce) the industrial pollution and clean the water.Finally，that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is __6__(clean) than ever.
Maybe you are facing an impossible situation.Maybe you have a habit __7__ is driving your family crazy.Possibly you drink too much or don't know how to control your credit card use.When you face such an impossible situation，don't you want a quick fix and something to change immediately?
While there are __8__ (amaze) stories of instant transformation，for most of us the __9__(change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work，like cleaning up a polluted river.Just be __10__(patience).
5.解析：这里考查固定句型：It takes some time to do sth“做某事花费多长时间”。故应填不定式to reduce。
答案 to reduce
Passage 6 (2014•广东)
Last year，my brother and I went to Miami for a vacation.Some of my friends who had been there before said __1__ was a wonderful holiday destination.Before we went，we had planned for months.When the day came，we were ready.
After our plane landed，we went to the hotel.We had made our reservation six months __2__(early)，but the man at the front desk said there had been a mistake.We __3__(tell)that our rooms hadn't been reserved for that week，__4__ for the week after.I didn't understand __5__ this would happen and my credit card had already been charged __6__ the reservation.What's worse，the hotel had been fully booked.When we were wondering what to do，the manager came out.She was __7__(surprise)helpful.She apologized for the mistake and gave us a spare VIP room on __8__ top floor.We had never stayed in such an amazing room，and we weren't charged extra.
The next day，my brother and I went to the beach __9__ we watched some people play volleyball.We got a little __10__(sunburn)，but the day had been so relaxing that we didn't mind.
答案 were told
9.解析：先行词是地点the beach，且在定语从句中作状语，故填where (=on which =and on the beach =and there)。
Passage 7 (2014•福建)
Many of us were raised with the saying“Waste not，want not.”None of us，(1)h_____，can completely avoid waste in our lives.
Any kind of waste is thoughtless.Whether we waste our potential talents，our own time，our limited natural (2) _____ (资源)，our money，or other people's time，each of us can become more aware and careful.The smallest good habits can make a big (3)d .It's a good feeling to know in our hearts we are doing our (4)b_____ in a world that is in serious trouble.By focusing on (5) _____ (节省)oil，water，paper，food，and clothing，we are playing a part (6)_____ cutting down on waste.
We must keep reminding (7)_____ (自己)that it is easier to get into something (8)_____ it is to get out of it.Actually，severe damage (9)d_____ to our land is fairly recent in the history of our evolution.It's time for us to (10)_____ no to waste so that our grandchildren's children will be able to develop well.We can't solve all the problems of waste，but we can encourage mindfulness.
3.解析：句意：最小的好习惯也会起作用。make a difference是固定用法，意思是有影响，起作用。
4.解析：do one's best是固定用法，意思是尽某人最大的努力。
6.解析：play a part in是固定用法，意思是“在……中起作用”。
10.解析：句意：是时候对“浪费”说不了。It is time for sb to do sth是固定用法，意思是“是时候做某事了。”
Passage 8 (2014•湖南)
Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context.
We can choose our friends，but usually we cannot choose our neighbors.However，to get a happy home life，we have to get along with __1__ as well as possible.
An important quality in a neighbor is consideration for __2__.People should not do things __3__ will disturb their neighbors unnecessarily.For example，television sets need not be played at full volume (音量) __4__ loud pop music should not be played very late at night.By avoiding things likely to upset your neighbors，you can enjoy __5__ friendly relationship with them.
An equally important quality is tolerance.Neighbors should do all they can to avoid disturbing other people，__6__ there are times when some level of disturbance is unavoidable.__7__ neighbors want to get along well with each other，they have to show their tolerance.In this way，everyone will live __8__ peace.
1.解析：根据句式结构此处缺少get along with的宾语，根据上下文句意所填词汇应是前文提到的neighbors，故用代词them。
Passage 9 (2013•广东)
One day，Nick invited his friends to supper.He was cooking some delicious food in the kitchen.Suddenly，he __1__ (find)that he had run out of salt.So Nick called to his son，“Go to the village and buy some salt，but pay a fair price for it：neither too much __2__ too little.”
His son looked surprised.“I can understand why I shouldn't pay too much，Father，but if I can pay less, __3__ not save a bit of money?”
“That would be a very __4__(reason)thing to do in a big city，but it could destroy a small village like ours，”Nick said.
Nick's guests, __5__ had heard their conversation，asked why they should not buy salt more cheaply if they could.Nick replied，“The only reason a man would sell salt __6__ a lower price would be because he was desperate for money.And anyone who took advantage of that situation would be showing a lack of respect __7__ the sweat and struggle of the man who worked very hard to produce it.”
“But such a small thing couldn't __8__(possible) destroy a village.”
“In the beginning, there was only __9__ very small amount of unfairness in the world，but everyone added a little，always __10__(think) that it was only small and not very important，and look where we have ended up today.”
3.解析：连接副词。why not do sth (何不做某事)?是固定句式。
6.解析：介词。因名词a low price在句中不作主语、动词的宾语，应为介词的宾语;根据习惯搭配，用介词at。
7.解析：介词。show respect for表示尊重。
9.解析：不定冠词。a small amount of(少量的)是固定搭配。
Passage 10 (2011•广东)
One Sunday morning in August I went to a local music festival.I left it early because I had an appointment__1__(late) that day.My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me__2__ the bus arrived.I got on the bus and found a seat near the back，and then I noticed a man__3__(sit) at the front.He __4__(pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice.He must be__5__(mental) disabled.
Behind him were other people to __6__ he was trying to talk，but after some minutes __7__ walked away and sat near me，looking annoyed.
I didn't want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn't like leaving him __8__ his own either.
After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus.I sat next to the man and introduced myself.We had __9__ amazing conversation.He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home.
I'm glad I made the choice.It made __10__ of us feel good.
8.解析：leave sb on one's own意思是“让某人单独留下”。