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高中英语语法知识点总结

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英语学习中,语法的学习是必不可少的内容,因为学习语法可以帮助我们理解句子的含义,可是语法的学习是很枯燥的,所以常常不被学生所接受。下面小编给大家分享一些高中英语语法知识点,希望能够帮助大家,欢迎阅读!

高中英语语法知识点1

冠词

高考对冠词的考查集中在基本用法上,主要既反映在对泛指、特指及固定短语 冠词的考查。抽象名词、物质名词的具体化依然是高考的重点、难点。

一、不定冠词

不定冠词a,an与one同源,表示微弱的一的概念,但并不强调数目,用来表示不确定的人或事物。

A用在辅音前,而不是辅音字母前;an用在元音前,而不是元音字母前。

a university in Asia

1.表示同类中的任何一个

A cat has nine lives.

2.表示泛指的某人、某物

I know a John Lennon,but not the famous one.

3.表示数量的一 He has a daughter.

4. 表示单位数量的每一 I earn 10 dollars an hour.

5.表示相同的

The two birds are of a color.

6. 用于集体名词前

He grows up in a large family.

7. 在某种情况下可用于抽象名词和物质名词前 China has a long history.

二、定冠词的用法

1.表示特定的人或物

2.表示地球、宇宙中独一无二的事物

主要指各种天体及世界上比较有影响的物体。 The sun,the moon,the earth

3.表示地点、方向、时间、方式等 at the corner 在拐角处

1) 在表示季节的名词前常不用冠词。 In spring 在春天

2) 具体某年的某个季节,需用冠词。 In the summer of the year2008

3)用于序数词或形容词的最高级前 the first the second

4)用于形容词前使其名词化 the rich the poor

5)用于复数姓氏前,表示―夫妇‖或全家 The Smiths

6)用于乐器名词前 Play the piano

7)用于by+the+计量单位名词 By the pound

1. 用于复数名词前

复数名词泛指某类人或物时,其前通常用零冠词。 Students should obey the school rules. 学生应该遵守校规。 复数名词若需特指,则要加定冠词。 The students are too lazy. 这些学生太懒。

2. 用于不可数名词前

不可数名词表示泛指时,其前通常用零冠词。如: Bread is made from flour. 面包是用面粉做的。

Wood is a poor conductor of sound. 木头是声音的不良导体。 不可数名词若需特指,则要加定冠词。

He sawed the wood into three pieces. 他把木头锯成三块。

3.用于专有名词前

在通常情况下,专有名词前要用零冠词。如:

Mr Smith is our English teaches us English. 史密斯先生教我们英语。 在特殊情况下,若专有名词需要特指,也可加定冠词。如: The Smith you‘re looking for no longer lives here.

4. 用于抽象化的可数名词前

有些可数名词抽象化后表示表示的活动,其前通常零冠词。 Jim has gone to bed. 吉姆已上床睡觉了。

She goes to church every Sunday. 她每周星期天都去做礼拜。

这类主要涉及bed, church, class, college, school, university, work, hospital, prison, market, sea, town等。另外,这类名词前用不用冠词有时与英美英语的表达习惯有关。如:―住院‖在英国英语中通常说成 in hospital,而在美国英语中则通常说成in the hospital;类似的还有go to university (英)上大学 / go to the university (美)上大学;at table (英)在吃饭 / at the table (美)在吃饭。

高中英语语法知识点2

现在完成时

1. 现在完成时结构:

主语 + 助动词have(has) + 动词过去分词

否定句:have/has后加not, haven’t/hasn’t

一般疑问句:have/has提前

2. 现在完成时的用法:

(1)表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响或产生的结果,强调的是这个结果或影响,常与yet,already,just,before,lately等时间状语连用。

—Have you had your lunch yet? 你吃过午饭了吗?

—Yes, I have. I have just had it. 是的,我刚吃过。(现在我不饿了。)

I have already posted the photos. 我已经寄过这些照片了。(这些照片已不在我这里了。)

have(has) gone to,have(has) been to和have(has) been in的区别

1. have (has) gone to表示"已经去某地了",不能与for+一段时间连用。

She has gone to Shanghai.(她可能已在去上海的路上,或已到上海,总之现在不在这里。)

2. have (has) been to表示"曾经去过某地",不能与for+一段时间连用。

She has been to Shanghai three times.(她已经不在上海,只说明她曾经去过。)

3. have (has) been in/at表示"一直待在某地",常与时间段搭配,指待了很久。

(2)过去发生的事情,一直持续到现在(其谓语动词多是延续性动词或表示状态的词)。

I haven’t seen her these days. 近来我一直没见过他。

I’ve known Li Lei for three years. 我认识李雷已经三年了。

They have lived here since 1996. 他们自从1996年就住在这儿。

She has taught us since I came to this school. 自从我来这所学校,她就教我。

3. 现在完成时多与下列时间状语连用:

(1)用于"过去发生的事,对现在造成的影响或结果"的时间状语有:

(2)用于"过去发生的事,一直延续到现在"的时间状语有:

for + 时间段 for two years

since + 时间点 since 2008 since then since he came here

so far 目前;迄今为止

up to now=till now=by now 到现在为止;直到现在

all the time 总是;一直

recently/lately 最近

these days 近几天

by the end of...到……末/结束 by the end of this month/year 到本月/年末

during /over the last (past) few years 在过去的几年中

in the last /past days/ months/ years 在过去的几个天/月/年中

(3)在条件、时间、让步状语从句中,表示将来某时以前已完成的动作。

I will not believe you unless I have seen it with my own eyes.

I will go with you as soon as I have finished my work.

(4)非延续性动词的否定形式可以与表示一段时间的状语连用即动作不发生的状态是可以持续的。

I haven’t received his letter for almost a month.

高中英语语法知识点3

一般将来时

1.shall用于第一人称,常被will 所代替。will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在征求意见时常用于第二人称。

Which paragraph shall I read first? 我先读哪一段呢?

Will you be at home at seven this evening? 今晚七点回家好吗?

2. be going to +不定式,表示将来。

a. 主语的意图,即将做某事。

What are you going to do tomorrow? 明天打算作什么呢?

b. 计划或安排要发生的事。

The play is going to be produced next month。这出戏下月开播。

c. 有迹象要发生的事。

Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm. 看那乌云,快要下雨了。

3.be +不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事。

We are to discuss the report next Saturday. 我们下星期六讨论这份报告

4.be about to +不定式,意为马上做某事。

He is about to leave for Beijing. 他马上要去北京。

注意:be about to do 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用。

5.一般现在时表将来。

a. 下列动词come,go,arrive,leave,start,begin,return的一般现在时可以表示将来,主要用来表示在时间上已确定或安排好的事情。

The train leaves at six tomorrow morning. 火车明天上午六点开。

—When does the bus star? 汽车什么时候开?

—It stars in ten minutes. 十分钟后。

b. 以here,there等开始的倒装句,表示动作正在进行。

Here comes the bus. = The bus is coming. 车来了。

There goes the bell. = The bell is ringing. 铃响了。

c. 在时间或条件句中。

When Bill comes不是will come., ask him to wait for me. 比尔来后,让他等我。

I’ll write to you as soon as I arrive there. 我到了那里,就写信给你。

d. 在动词hope,take care that,make sure that等的宾语从句中。

I hope they have a nice time next week. 我希望他们下星期玩得开心。

Make sure that the windows are closed before you leave the room. 离开房间前,务必把窗户关了。

6.用现在进行时表示将来。

下列动词come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin, return等现在进行时可以表示将来。

I’m leaving tomorrow. 明天我要走了。

Are you staying here till next week? 你会在这儿待到下周吗?

高中英语语法知识点4

形容词、副词的基本用法

1.形容词作状语表示伴随或结果,并不表达动作的方式。After the long journey,the three of them went back home,hungry and tired.经过长时间旅行后,他们三个回到家,又饿又累。2.有些副词还可以作连词,作副词时常放在句末。如:though,(ever)since,in case等He is old. He works hard,though.=Though he is old,he works hard.虽然他年事已高,但他工作还是很努力。3.有些副词置于句首可修饰全句,作评注性状语。如:obviously,naturally,surprisingly等Fortunately,he was not drowned and was saved by the PLA.幸运的是,他没被淹死,被解放军给救了。Happily for her,her stepmother was kind to her.高兴的是,她的继母对她很好。4.can not/never 与enough 或too连用表示:无论怎样都不过分;越……越好。—I was riding alone in the street and all of a sudden,a car cut in and knocked me down.——我正在大街上独自一人骑自行车,突然一辆小汽车强行超车把我撞倒了。—You can never be too careful in the street.— —在大街上你越小心越好。

形容词、副词的比较级和最高级

1."as+形容词+(a/an)+名词+as"表示同级比较,注意中间的形容词和名词并列时各自所在的位置。It is generally believed that teaching is as much an art as it is a science.人们普遍认为,教学是一门科学,同时也是一门艺术。2."as+形容词/副词的原级+as"与"not as/so+形容词/副词的原级+as"表示同级比较,即两个或两部分人或物在性质上或程度上相同(不同)。The work is not as/so difficult as you imagine.这项工作不是像你想像的那么难。3."the+比较级+of the two +名词"表示"两者中较……的那个"。The taller of the two boys is my brother.两个男孩中较高的那位是我哥哥。4.a+形容词比较级+n.……After two years’ research,we have a far better understanding of the disease.研究两年之后,现在我们对这种病有更好的理解。We went to the USA in search of a better life.为了寻找更美好的生活我们去了美国。5.比较级的修饰语常见的有:rather,much,still,even,far,any(用于否定句或疑问句),a lot,a little,a great deal,by far,a bit 等。The students study even harder than before.学生们学习比以前更努力了。A car runs a great deal faster than a bike.汽车比自行车跑得快得多。6.最高级(1)最高级的修饰语常见的有:序数词,by far,nearly,almost,by no means,not really,not quite,nothing like。The bridge being built now is by far the longest across the Yellow River.目前正在建的那座桥是横跨黄河之上的桥当中最长的桥。I’d like to buy the second most expensive camera.我想买仅次于最贵的照相机。(2)否定词+比较级=最高级。There is no greater love than that of a man who lays down his life for his friends.为朋友而放弃生命的人的爱是最伟大的爱。—Are you satisfied with what he said at the meeting?——你对他在会议上说的满意吗?—No. It couldn’t have been worse.——不,不能再差了。

高中英语语法知识点5

1、学校生活及学习成绩

Be getting on well with one’s study某人的学习越来越好take several courses at school在学校学若干门课程have English (Chinese, Physics…) every (other )day work hard at …put one’s heart into…专心于;致力于be interested in …be fond oflike chemistry bestbe good at …; be poor at …; do well in …; be weak in …make progress in …; fail in …’ be tired of …’pass the examination; give sb. a passing grade;major in history 主修历史He has the best record in school. 他的成绩最棒。get a doctor’s degree 获得博士学位be more interesting to sb.learn about; succeed in…; be active in class (work);take an active part in …; learn… by heart;work out a (maths) problem; improve oneself in …;get 90 marks for (English); get an “A” in the exam;have a good command of…lay a good foundation in (language study)

2、师生关系get on well with sb; like to be with students;

be gentle with us; be kind to sb;

be a strict teacher; be strict with one’s pupils;be strict in work

We think of him (her) as …; help sb with sth;praise sb for sth …; blame sb for sth..give advice on …; question sb on …be satisfied with …correct the students’ homework carefully and prepare for the next day; give sb a lot of work;try to teach sb good study habits; make one’s lessons lively and interesting; teach sb. sth.;teach sb to do sth.devote all one’s time to work;admire (sb.for) his devotion to the cause of education佩服他对于教育事业的献身精神。

3、课余活动及周末生活spend one’s time in many different ways;enjoy doing things by oneself; go swimming;go for an outing; have an outing at (the seashore);see the sights of Beijing; play the piano (violin);play chess (basketball); have a swim;have dances on weekends; have a picnic over the weekend;go to the cinema; have a party; hold a sports meeting;do some reading; help sb do sth; enjoy a family trip;get everything ready for;ride one’s bike with sb.to(the park);There are a lot of activities at (the beach).We enjoy a change from our busy life in the city.She would like to bring sth. to the picnic.It was a very relaxing Sunday.There are good programmes on TV on weekends.

4、彼此沟通信息take a message for sb; send a message to sb;hear from sb; talk about/of sth; tell sb to do sth;get information about…;express one’s idea (feelings) in English用英语表达一个人的思想(感情);Write sb a letter saying…给某人写信说... , apologize to sb for…thank you for …; make a speech t at the meeting;explain sth to s; look upon sb as …; think sb to be …;take sb’s side

5、事件中人的态度would like to do; allow sb to do;keep sb from doing (prevent sb. from doing);call on sb to do; be afraid to do (be afraid of …);fee like doing; insist on doing; drive sb. off;speak highly of sb; speak ill of sb; think highly of sb;force sb to do; offer to do; refuse to do; agree to do;regret doing;prefer to do A rather than do B; had better do;would rather (not) do.


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