奥巴马演说稿和演说技巧揭秘

学习啦  文霞   2018-12-17 17:42:25

  政坛名人奥巴马的演讲稿一直是优秀的代表,让人不禁沉迷于他的演说之中,下面小编来为大家分享奥巴马的演说稿子,以及演说技巧揭秘。

  奥巴马对全美国学生的讲话:梦想与责任

  Wakefield High School

  Arlington, Virginia

  THE PRESIDENT: Hello, everybody! Thank you. Thank you. Thank you, everybody. All right, everybody go ahead and have a seat. How is everybody doing today? (Applause.) How about Tim Spicer? (Applause.) I am here with students at Wakefield High School in Arlington, Virginia. And we’ve got students tuning in from all across America, from kindergarten through 12th grade. And I am just so glad that all could join us today. And I want to thank Wakefield for being such an outstanding host. Give yourselves a big round of applause. (Applause.)

  大家好!谢谢你们。谢谢你们。谢谢你们大家。好,大家请就坐。你们今天都好吗?(掌声)蒂姆•斯派塞(Tim Spicer)好吗?(掌声)我现在与弗吉尼亚州阿灵顿郡韦克菲尔德高中的学生们在一起。美国各地从小学预备班到中学12年级的学生正在收听收看。我很高兴大家今天都能参与。我还要感谢韦克菲尔德高中出色的组织安排。请为你们自己热烈鼓掌。(掌声)

  I know that for many of you, today is the first day of school. And for those of you in kindergarten, or starting middle or high school, it’s your first day in a new school, so it’s understandable if you’re a little nervous. I imagine there are some seniors out there who are feeling pretty good right now -- (applause) -- with just one more year to go. And no matter what grade you’re in, some of you are probably wishing it were still summer and you could’ve stayed in bed just a little bit longer this morning.

  我知道,今天是你们很多人开学的日子。对于进入小学预备班、初中或高中的学生,今天是你们来到新学校的第一天,心里可能有点紧张,这是可以理解的。我能想象有些毕业班学生现在感觉很不错——(掌声)——还有一年就毕业了。不论在哪个年级,你们有些人可能希望暑假更长一点,今天早上还能多睡一小会儿。

  I know that feeling. When I was young, my family lived overseas. I lived in Indonesia for a few years. And my mother, she didn’t have the money to send me where all the American kids went to school, but she thought it was important for me to keep up with an American education. So she decided to teach me extra lessons herself, Monday through Friday. But because she had to go to work, the only time she could do it was at 4:30 in the morning.

  我了解这种感觉。我小时候,我们家生活在海外。我在印度尼西亚住了几年。我妈妈没有钱送我上其他美国孩子上的学校,但她认为必须让我接受美式教育。因此,她决定从周一到周五自己给我补课。不过她还要上班,所以只能在清晨四点半给我上课。

  Now, as you might imagine, I wasn’t too happy about getting up that early. And a lot of times, I’d fall asleep right there at the kitchen table. But whenever I’d complain, my mother would just give me one of those looks and she’d say, “This is no picnic for me either, buster.” (Laughter.)

  你们可以想见,我不太情愿那么早起床。有很多次,我趴在餐桌上就睡着了。但每当我抱怨的时候,我妈妈都会那样地看我一眼,然后说:“小子,这对我也并不轻松。”(笑声)

  So I know that some of you are still adjusting to being back at school. But I’m here today because I have something important to discuss with you. I’m here because I want to talk with you about your education and what’s expected of all of you in this new school year.

  我知道你们有些人还在适应开学后的生活。但我今天来到这里是因为有重要的事情要和你们说。我来这里是要和你们谈谈你们的教育问题,以及在这个新学年对你们所有人的期望。

  Now, I’ve given a lot of speeches about education. And I’ve talked about responsibility a lot.

  我做过很多次有关教育问题的演讲。我多次谈到过责任问题。

  I’ve talked about teachers’ responsibility for inspiring students and pushing you to learn.

  我谈到过教师激励学生并督促他们学习的责任。

  I’ve talked about your parents’ responsibility for making sure you stay on track, and you get your homework done, and don’t spend every waking hour in front of the TV or with the Xbox.

  我谈到过家长的责任,要确保你们走正路,完成家庭作业,不要整天坐在电视前或玩Xbox游戏。

  I’ve talked a lot about your government’s responsibility for setting high standards, and supporting teachers and principals, and turning around schools that aren’t working, where students aren’t getting the opportunities that they deserve.

  我多次谈到过政府的责任,要制定高标准,支持教师和校长的工作,彻底改善不能为学生提供应有机会的、教育质量差的学校。

  But at the end of the day, we can have the most dedicated teachers, the most supportive parents, the best schools in the world -- and none of it will make a difference, none of it will matter unless all of you fulfill your responsibilities, unless you show up to those schools, unless you pay attention to those teachers, unless you listen to your parents and grandparents and other adults and put in the hard work it takes to succeed. That’s what I want to focus on today: the responsibility each of you has for your education.

  然而,即使我们拥有最敬业的教师,最尽力的家长和全世界最好的学校——如果你们大家不履行你们的责任,不到校上课,不专心听讲,不听家长、祖父祖母和其他大人的话,不付出取得成功所必须的勤奋努力,那么这一切都毫无用处,都无关紧要。这就是我今天讲话的重点:你们每个人对自己的教育应尽的责任。

  I want to start with the responsibility you have to yourself. Every single one of you has something that you’re good at. Every single one of you has something to offer. And you have a responsibility to yourself to discover what that is. That’s the opportunity an education can provide.

  我首先要讲讲你们对自己应尽的责任。你们每个人都有自己的长处。你们每个人都能做出自己的贡献。你们对自己应尽的责任是发现自己的能力所在。而教育能够提供这样的机会。

  Maybe you could be a great writer -- maybe even good enough to write a book or articles in a newspaper -- but you might not know it until you write that English paper -- that English class paper that’s assigned to you. Maybe you could be an innovator or an inventor -- maybe even good enough to come up with the next iPhone or the new medicine or vaccine -- but you might not know it until you do your project for your science class. Maybe you could be a mayor or a senator or a Supreme Court justice -- but you might not know that until you join student government or the debate team.

  你或许能成为一名出色的作家——甚至可能写书或在报纸上发表文章——但你可能要在完成那篇英文课的作文后才会发现自己的才华。你或许能成为一名创新者或发明家——甚至可能设计出新一代iPhone或研制出新型药物或疫苗——但你可能要在完成科学课的实验后才会发现自己的才华。你或许能成为一名市长或参议员或最高法院的大法官——但你可能要在参加学生会的工作或辩论队后才会发现自己的才华。

  And no matter what you want to do with your life, I guarantee that you’ll need an education to do it. You want to be a doctor, or a teacher, or a police officer? You want to be a nurse or an architect, a lawyer or a member of our military? You’re going to need a good education for every single one of those careers. You cannot drop out of school and just drop into a good job. You’ve got to train for it and work for it and learn for it.

  不论你的生活志向是什么,我敢肯定你必须上学读书才能实现它。你想当医生、教师或警官吗?你想当护士、建筑师、律师或军人吗?你必须接受良好的教育,才能从事上述任何一种职业。你不能指望辍学后能碰上个好工作。你必须接受培训,为之努力,为之学习。

  And this isn’t just important for your own life and your own future. What you make of your education will decide nothing less than the future of this country. The future of America depends on you. What you’re learning in school today will determine whether we as a nation can meet our greatest challenges in the future.

  这并非只对你个人的人生和未来意义重大。可以毫不夸大地说,教育给你带来的益处将决定这个国家的未来。美国的未来取决于你们。你们今日在校学习的知识将决定我们作为一个国家是否能够迎接我们未来所面临的最严峻挑战。

  You’ll need the knowledge and problem-solving skills you learn in science and math to cure diseases like cancer and AIDS, and to develop new energy technologies and protect our environment. You’ll need the insights and critical-thinking skills you gain in history and social studies to fight poverty and homelessness, crime and discrimination, and make our nation more fair and more free. You’ll need the creativity and ingenuity you develop in all your classes to build new companies that will create new jobs and boost our economy.

  你们将需要利用你们通过自然科学和数学课程所学到的知识和解决问题的能力来治愈癌症、艾滋病及其他疾病,开发新的能源技术和保护我们的环境。你们将需要利用你们在历史学和社会学课堂上所获得的知识和独立思考能力来抗击贫困和解决无家可归问题,打击犯罪和消除歧视,使我们的国家更公平、更自由。你们将需要利用你们在所有课堂上培养的创造力和智慧来创办新公司,增加就业机会,振兴我们的经济。

  We need every single one of you to develop your talents and your skills and your intellect so you can help us old folks solve our most difficult problems. If you don’t do that -- if you quit on school -- you’re not just quitting on yourself, you’re quitting on your country.

  我们需要你们每个人发挥你们的聪明才智和技能,以便帮助老一辈人解决我们面临的最棘手问题。如果你们不这样做,如果你们辍学,你们不仅仅是自暴自弃,也是抛弃自己的国家。

  Now, I know it’s not always easy to do well in school. I know a lot of you have challenges in your lives right now that can make it hard to focus on your schoolwork.

  我自然知道要做到学业优秀并非总是易事。我知道你们许多人在生活中面临挑战,难以集中精力从事学业。

  I get it. I know what it’s like. My father left my family when I was two years old, and I was raised by a single mom who had to work and who struggled at times to pay the bills and wasn’t always able to give us the things that other kids had. There were times when I missed having a father in my life. There were times when I was lonely and I felt like I didn’t fit in.

  我明白这一点。 我有亲身感受。两岁时,我父亲离家而去,我是由一位单亲母亲抚养成人的,母亲不得不工作,并时常为支付生活费用而苦苦挣扎,但有时仍无法为我们提供其他孩子享有的东西。有时,我渴望生活中能有一位父亲。有时我感到孤独,感到自己不适应社会。

  So I wasn’t always as focused as I should have been on school, and I did some things I’m not proud of, and I got in more trouble than I should have. And my life could have easily taken a turn for the worse.

  我并非总是像我应该做到的那样专心学习,我也曾做过我如今不能引以为豪的一些事情,我曾惹过不应该惹的麻烦。我的人生原本会轻易陷入更糟糕的境地。

  But I was -- I was lucky. I got a lot of second chances, and I had the opportunity to go to college and law school and follow my dreams. My wife, our First Lady Michelle Obama, she has a similar story. Neither of her parents had gone to college, and they didn’t have a lot of money. But they worked hard, and she worked hard, so that she could go to the best schools in this country.

  但是,我当年际遇不错。我有过许多第二次机会,我有幸能上大学,上法学院,追求自己的理想。我的妻子,我们的第一夫人米歇尔•奥巴马,也有着类似的经历。她的父母都未曾上过大学,家里很穷。但他们非常勤奋 ,她也是如此,因此她得以进入一些美国最好的学校。

  Some of you might not have those advantages. Maybe you don’t have adults in your life who give you the support that you need. Maybe someone in your family has lost their job and there’s not enough money to go around. Maybe you live in a neighborhood where you don’t feel safe, or have friends who are pressuring you to do things you know aren’t right.

  你们中有一些人可能没有那些有利条件。或许你们生活中没有成年人为你们提供你们所需要的支持。或许你们家中有人失业,经济非常拮据。或许你们生活在使你们感觉不安全的社区,或有朋友逼迫你们去做你们知道不对的事情。

  But at the end of the day, the circumstances of your life -- what you look like, where you come from, how much money you have, what you’ve got going on at home -- none of that is an excuse for neglecting your homework or having a bad attitude in school. That’s no excuse for talking back to your teacher, or cutting class, or dropping out of school. There is no excuse for not trying.

  然而说到底,你们生活的环境、你们的肤色、你们的原籍、你们的经济收入、你们家中的境况等等,这一切都不能成为你们不用功或不努力的理由。你们没有理由不服从你们的老师、逃学、或辍学。没有理由不付出努力。

  Where you are right now doesn’t have to determine where you’ll end up. No one’s written your destiny for you, because here in America, you write your own destiny. You make your own future.

  你们目前的状况并不决定着你们的未来。没有人决定你们的命运,在美国,你们决定自己的命运。你们掌握自己的未来。

  That’s what young people like you are doing every day, all across America.

  这就是像你们这样的年轻人每天都在做的事情,全美各地都是如此。

  Young people like Jazmin Perez, from Roma, Texas. Jazmin didn’t speak English when she first started school. Neither of her parents had gone to college. But she worked hard, earned good grades, and got a scholarship to Brown University -- is now in graduate school, studying public health, on her way to becoming Dr. Jazmin Perez.

  来自得州罗马城的贾兹敏•佩雷斯(Jazmin Perez)就是一个例证,她刚开始上学时并不会说英文。她的父母都没有上过大学。然而,她非常勤奋,成绩优秀,获得了布朗大学的奖学金,她如今正在读研究生,攻读公共卫生专业,不久将成为贾兹敏•佩雷斯博士。

  I’m thinking about Andoni Schultz, from Los Altos, California, who’s fought brain cancer since he was three. He’s had to endure all sorts of treatments and surgeries, one of which affected his memory, so it took him much longer -- hundreds of extra hours -- to do his schoolwork. But he never fell behind. He’s headed to college this fall.我想起了加州洛斯阿尔托斯城的安多尼•舒尔茨(Andoni Schultz),他从三岁开始就一直与脑癌进行抗争,他不得不忍受各类治疗和手术带来的痛苦,其中一项手术曾影响了他的记忆,因此他花在功课上的时间比一般人长得多,要多出数百个小时。然而,他从未落后。他今年秋季将迈进大学。

  And then there’s Shantell Steve, from my hometown of Chicago, Illinois. Even when bouncing from foster home to foster home in the toughest neighborhoods in the city, she managed to get a job at a local health care center, start a program to keep young people out of gangs, and she’s on track to graduate high school with honors and go on to college.

  我还想起家乡伊利诺伊州芝加哥市的尚特尔•史蒂夫(Shantell Steve)。她曾在芝加哥最困难的社区生活,寄养于多个不同的家庭,但她最终在一家地方医疗中心找到工作,并开始了一项帮助年轻人远离流氓团伙的计划,她即将以优异成绩从中学毕业,紧接着将上大学。

  And Jazmin, Andoni, and Shantell aren’t any different from any of you. They face challenges in their lives just like you do. In some cases they’ve got it a lot worse off than many of you. But they refused to give up. They chose to take responsibility for their lives, for their education, and set goals for themselves. And I expect all of you to do the same.贾兹敏、安多尼和尚特尔与你们中间的每个人没什么两样。跟你们一样,他们在生活中面临种种挑战。在某些情况下,他们的处境比起你们许多人更差。但他们拒绝放弃。他们决定要为自己的一生、自己的教育负起责任,为自己设定各项奋斗目标。我期待你们大家都会这样做。

  That’s why today I’m calling on each of you to set your own goals for your education -- and do everything you can to meet them. Your goal can be something as simple as doing all your homework, paying attention in class, or spending some time each day reading a book. Maybe you’ll decide to get involved in an extracurricular activity, or volunteer in your community. Maybe you’ll decide to stand up for kids who are being teased or bullied because of who they are or how they look, because you believe, like I do, that all young people deserve a safe environment to study and learn. Maybe you’ll decide to take better care of yourself so you can be more ready to learn. And along those lines, by the way, I hope all of you are washing your hands a lot, and that you stay home from school when you don’t feel well, so we can keep people from getting the flu this fall and winter.

  因此,我今天呼吁你们每一个人为自己的教育设定目标,并尽自己的最大努力来实现这些目标。你的目标可以是一件十分简单的事情,例如完成家庭作业、上课专心听讲、或每天花一点时间读一本书。也许你会决定要参加课外活动或在你的社区提供志愿服务。也许你会决定挺身而出保护那些因为身份或长相而受人戏弄或欺负的孩子,原因是你和我一样认为所有的年轻人都应该享有一个适合读书和学习的安全环境。也许你会决定更好地照料自己,以便有更充沛的精力来学习。顺便提一下,除了这些事情外,我希望大家要勤洗手,身体感到不舒服的时候要呆在家里不去上学,这样我们能防止人们在今年秋冬季节染上流感。

  But whatever you resolve to do, I want you to commit to it. I want you to really work at it.但无论你决定做什么,我希望你保证去做。我希望你脚踏实地地去做。

  I know that sometimes you get that sense from TV that you can be rich and successful without any hard work -- that your ticket to success is through rapping or basketball or being a reality TV star. Chances are you’re not going to be any of those things.我知道有时候你会从电视上得到这样的印象:你不用做任何艰苦的工作就能发财致富并取得成功,唱小调、打篮球或成为真人秀明星是走向成功的途径。但实际情况是:你可能不会成为其中的一员。

  The truth is, being successful is hard. You won’t love every subject that you study. You won’t click with every teacher that you have. Not every homework assignment will seem completely relevant to your life right at this minute. And you won’t necessarily succeed at everything the first time you try.

  事实上,取得成功不是轻而易举的事情。你不会喜欢你学习的每一门课目。你不会与你的每一位老师都很投契。不是所有的家庭作业似乎都与你眼前的生活完全有关。你第一次尝试做每件事的时候,不一定成功。

  That’s okay. Some of the most successful people in the world are the ones who’ve had the most failures. J.K. Rowling’s -- who wrote Harry Potter -- her first Harry Potter book was rejected 12 times before it was finally published. Michael Jordan was cut from his high school basketball team. He lost hundreds of games and missed thousands of shots during his career. But he once said, “I have failed over and over and over again in my life. And that’s why I succeed.”

  这些都没关系。世界上最成功的人士中有一些是遭遇失败最多的人。作者J•K•罗琳(J.K. Rowling)所写的系列小说《哈利•波特》(Harry Potter)第一部在获得出版之前被退稿12次。迈克尔•乔丹(Michael Jordan)曾被他的高中篮球队除名。在乔丹的篮球生涯中,他输过数百场比赛,有成千上万个球没有投中。但他曾说过:“在我的一生中,我失败了一次又一次、一次又一次。这就是我成功的原因。”

  These people succeeded because they understood that you can’t let your failures define you -- you have to let your failures teach you. You have to let them show you what to do differently the next time. So if you get into trouble, that doesn’t mean you’re a troublemaker, it means you need to try harder to act right. If you get a bad grade, that doesn’t mean you’re stupid, it just means you need to spend more time studying.

  这些人士获得成功,因为他们懂得:你不能让失败来限制你,而必须让失败来开导你。你必须让失败向你展示下次如何以不同的方式去做这件事情。因此,如果你遇到麻烦,那并不表示你是麻烦的制造者,而意味着你需要更加努力去把它做对。如果你有一门课分数低,那不表示你比别人笨,而只表示你需要花更多的时间学习。

  No one’s born being good at all things. You become good at things through hard work. You’re not a varsity athlete the first time you play a new sport. You don’t hit every note the first time you sing a song. You’ve got to practice. The same principle applies to your schoolwork. You might have to do a math problem a few times before you get it right. You might have to read something a few times before you understand it. You definitely have to do a few drafts of a paper before it’s good enough to hand in.

  没有一个人天生擅长做各种事情。你通过勤奋而变得擅长于各种事情。第一次从事新的体育项目时,你不可能是一位主力队员。第一次唱一首歌曲时,你不可能唱准每个音。你必须练习。同样的道理适用于你的学业。你可能要把一道数学题做几次才把它做对。你可能要把一些材料阅读几遍才能理解。在交出一篇优美的作文之前,你肯定需要打几遍草稿。

  Don’t be afraid to ask questions. Don’t be afraid to ask for help when you need it. I do that every day. Asking for help isn’t a sign of weakness, it’s a sign of strength because it shows you have the courage to admit when you don’t know something, and that then allows you to learn something new. So find an adult that you trust -- a parent, a grandparent or teacher, a coach or a counselor -- and ask them to help you stay on track to meet your goals.

  不要害怕提问。不要在需要帮助时害怕请求别人帮助。我天天请求别人的帮助。请求帮助不是软弱的表现,它是力量的标志,因为它表明你有勇气承认自己对某些事情不懂,这样做会使你学到新的东西。因此,请确定一位你信任的成年人,例如家长、祖父母或老师、教练或辅导员,请他们帮助你遵循既定计划实现你的目标。

  And even when you’re struggling, even when you’re discouraged, and you feel like other people have given up on you, don’t ever give up on yourself, because when you give up on yourself, you give up on your country.

  即使当你苦苦挣扎、灰心丧气、感到其他人对你不抱希望时,也不要对你自己丧失信心,因为当你自暴自弃时,你也抛弃了自己的国家。

  The story of America isn’t about people who quit when things got tough. It’s about people who kept going, who tried harder, who loved their country too much to do anything less than their best.

  书写美国历史的不是在困难时刻退缩的人,而是坚持不懈、加倍努力的人,他们对国家的爱促使他们全力以赴。

  It’s the story of students who sat where you sit 250 years ago, and went on to wage a revolution and they founded this nation. Young people. Students who sat where you sit 75 years ago who overcame a Depression and won a world war; who fought for civil rights and put a man on the moon. Students who sat where you sit 20 years ago who founded Google and Twitter and Facebook and changed the way we communicate with each other.

  书写美国历史的是250年前坐在你们的位置上的学生,他们后来进行了独立战争并创建了这个国家。还有75年前坐在你们的位置上的年轻人和学生,他们走出了大萧条并打赢了一场世界大战;他们为民权而奋斗并把宇航员送上了月球。至于20年前坐在你们的位置上的学生,他们创办了谷歌(Google)、叽喳网(Twitter)和脸谱网(Facebook),改变了我们交流沟通的方式。

  So today, I want to ask all of you, what’s your contribution going to be? What problems are you going to solve? What discoveries will you make? What will a President who comes here in 20 or 50 or 100 years say about what all of you did for this country?

  而今天,我要问问你们大家,你们将做出什么贡献?你们将解决什么问题?你们将有什么发现?20年、50年或100年后来到这里讲话的总统将会怎样评价你们大家为这个国家所做的一切?

  Now, your families, your teachers, and I are doing everything we can to make sure you have the education you need to answer these questions. I’m working hard to fix up your classrooms and get you the books and the equipment and the computers you need to learn. But you’ve got to do your part, too. So I expect all of you to get serious this year. I expect you to put your best effort into everything you do. I expect great things from each of you. So don’t let us down. Don’t let your family down or your country down. Most of all, don’t let yourself down. Make us all proud.

  你们的家人、你们的老师和我正在竭尽全力保证你们接受必要的教育,以便回答上述问题。我正在努力工作,以便你们的教室得到修缮,你们能够得到学习所需的课本、设备和电脑。但你们也必须尽自己的努力。因此,我希望你们大家从今年起认真对待这个问题。我希望你们尽最大努力做好每一件事。我希望你们每个人都有出色的表现。不要让我们失望。不要让你们的家人或你们的国家失望。而最重要的是,不要辜负你们自己,而要让我们都能[为你们]感到骄傲。

  Thank you very much, everybody. God bless you. God bless America. Thank you. (Applause.)

  非常感谢你们大家。愿主保佑你们。愿主保佑美国。谢谢你们。(掌声)

  奥巴马纪念曼德拉演讲词

  At his trial in 1964, NelsonMandela closed his statement from the dock saying, "I have fought againstwhite domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherishedthe ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live togetherin harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to livefor and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared todie."

  纳尔逊·曼德拉在1964年接受审判时在被告席上结束他的陈述时说:“我曾为反对白人统治而斗争,也曾为反对黑人统治而斗争。我一直珍藏着一个民主、自由的社会理想,让所有人都生活在一个和谐共处、机会均等的社会中。我希望为这个理想而生并将其付诸实现。但是,如果需要,我也愿为这样一个理想献出生命。”

  And Nelson Mandela lived for thatideal, and he made it real. He achieved more than could be expected of any man.Today, he has gone home. And we have lost one of the most influential,courageous, and profoundly good human beings that any of us will share timewith on this Earth. He no longer belongs to us -- he belongs to the ages.

  纳尔逊·曼德拉为这个理想而生,并将其变成现实。他的成就超出了我们能够寄望于任何一个人去取得的。今天,他安息了。而我们失去了一位我们任何一个人能在这个地球上与之共渡时光的人中,最有影响力、最有勇气、最无比善良的一位。他不再属于我们——他属于一个时代。

  Through his fierce dignity andunbending will to sacrifice his own freedom for the freedom of others, Madibatransformed South Africa -- and moved all of us. His journey from a prisoner toa President embodied the promise that human beings -- and countries -- canchange for the better. His commitment to transfer power and reconcile withthose who jailed him set an example that all humanity should aspire to, whetherin the lives of nations or our own personal lives. And the fact that he did itall with grace and good humor, and an ability to acknowledge his ownimperfections, only makes the man that much more remarkable. As he once said,"I am not a saint, unless you think of a saint as a sinner who keeps ontrying."

  曼德拉以其强烈的尊严和为了他人的自由不惜牺牲自己的自由的不折的意志,改变了南非的面貌,并感动了我们所有人。他从一名囚徒变成一位总统的历程体现了全人类——以及各个国家——都能变得更美好的希望。他移交权力并同那些关押他的人和解的承诺,树立了一个全人类都应当追求的典范,不论是在国家生活中,还是在我们的个人生活中。而他在做到这一切时还能保持风度和幽默,以及承认自己的不足的能力,这使他更加卓尔不群。他曾说过:“我不是一个圣人,除非你们认为圣人是一个不断努力的罪人。”

  I am one of the countless millionswho drew inspiration from Nelson Mandela's life. My very first politicalaction, the first thing I ever did that involved an issue or a policy orpolitics, was a protest against apartheid. I studied his words and hiswritings. The day that he was released from prison gave me a sense of whathuman beings can do when they’re guided by their hopes and not by their fears.And like so many around the globe, I cannot fully imagine my own life withoutthe example that Nelson Mandela set, and so long as I live I will do what I canto learn from him.

  在被纳尔逊·曼德拉的经历所激励的亿万人中,我是其中一员。我的第一次政治行动——我所做的与一项议题或政策或政治有关的第一件事——就是抗议种族歧视。我认真研读了他的话和他的著作。他走出监狱的那一天,我认识到人类能够在自己的希望——而不是恐惧——引领下所能成就的事业。正如全球各地许许多多的人一样,我无法充分想象没有纳尔逊·曼德拉的榜样我的生活会是怎样。在我的有生之年,我将尽最大努力向他学习。

  To Graça Machel and his family,Michelle and I extend our deepest sympathy and gratitude for sharing thisextraordinary man with us. His life’s work meant long days away from those wholoved him the most. And I only hope that the time spent with him these last fewweeks brought peace and comfort to his family.

  米歇尔和我谨向格拉萨·马歇尔和曼德拉的家人致以最深沉的慰唁,并感谢他们与我们分享这位不平凡的人。他的毕生努力意味着长年累月远离最爱他的人们。我真切地希望与他共同度过的最后这几个星期为他的家人带来了平静与安慰。

  To the people of South Africa, we draw strength from the example of renewal,andreconciliation, and resilience that you made real. A free South Africa atpeace with itself -- that’s an example to the world, and that’s Madiba’s legacyto the nation he loved.

  对南非人民,我们要说,你们通过重生、和解与坚毅树立的榜样给了我们力量。一个自由、和平的南非——这是世界的榜样,这是“马迪巴”(曼德拉的家族名)为他所热爱的国家留下的遗产。

  We will not likely see the likes of Nelson Mandela again. So it falls to us asbest we can to forward the example that he set: to make decisions guided not byhate, but by love; to never discount the difference that one person can make;to strive for a future that is worthy of his sacrifice.

  我们可能难以再见到像纳尔逊·曼德拉这样的伟人。因此,我们的责任是尽我们所能把他树立的榜样传承下去:基于爱——而不是恨——来作决定;永远不要低估一个人所能带来的变化;努力建设一个无愧于他的牺牲的未来。

  For now, let us pause and give thanks for the fact that Nelson Mandela lived --a man who took history in his hands, and bent the arc of the moral universetoward justice. May God Bless his memory and keep him in peace.

  现在,让我们停下来,为纳尔逊·曼德拉曾经活着而表达我们的感激之情——他用双手握住历史,把道德宇宙的长虹折向正义。愿上帝保佑他的记忆,使他安息。

  奥巴马演讲技巧大揭秘

  或许你会认为,奥巴马之所以能当选美国总统,全都要归功于他杰出的演讲才能。追溯到2004年,当时民主党的总统候选人还是马萨诸塞州参议员JohnKerry,在一次民主党全国代表大会上,一位名不见经传的伊利诺斯州参议员发表了主题演讲。那个参议员便是奥巴马。那是一场十分精彩的演讲--诗一般的语言充满了振奋人心的力量,令人过耳难忘。

  YOU might say that one reason Barack Obama is president of theUS is because he knows how to give a good speech. In 2004, whenMassachusetts Senator John Kerry was the Democratic Party's nomineefor the presidency, a little-known senator from Illinois gave thekeynote speech at the Democratic National Convention. That senatorwas Obama. It was a remarkable speech - poetic, and inspiring. Thepeople who heard it would remember it for a long time。

  从2004年开始,奥巴马至今已创作发表了上万场演说。这些演讲屡获赞扬的原因大致可归结为两点:一,将观众视为有智慧的成年人来对待;二,以直率自然的方式来表达复杂难懂的理念。

  Since 2004, Obama has written and delivered thousands ofspeeches. These are usually praised for two reasons: he treats theaudiences like intelligent adults, and he is able to expresscomplicated ideas in a straightforward, natural way。

  在当选总统前,奥巴马曾做过律师、大学教授。他还是一位成功的作家,出版的两部回忆录都非常畅销。正是这些早年在工作中锻炼出的技能,让他得以成为一名成功的演说家。

  Before becoming president, Obama was a lawyer, a collegeprofessor, and a successful writer - his two memoirs have becomebest-sellers. The skills he needed to succeed in his previous jobshave also contributed to his success as a speechmaker。

  身为律师,奥巴马懂得如何在辩论中给出令人信服的有力论据。而身为教授,他明白如何将复杂的事物以学生清晰易懂的方式解释清楚。同时身为作家,他更精通如何用语言打动观众。著名流行乐团黑眼豆豆的灵魂人物will.i.am,甚至将奥巴马早期竞选的一篇演讲编成了歌曲。

  As a lawyer, Obama learned how to make strong, convincingarguments. As a professor, he learned how to explain complexsubjects in ways that helped students understand without boringthem. As a writer, he learned how to use language to have apowerful impact on his audience. Star musician will.i.am eventurned one of Obama`s early speeches into a song during theelection campaign。

  奥巴马在各种大大小小的场合都发表过演说。他既能使人捧腹,也可以催人泪下。无论在什么场合,他的演讲总是那么得体,思想与文笔交相辉映。

  Obama delivers speeches to audiences large and small. He canmake his audiences laugh or cry. His speeches are alwaysthoughtful, well written, and just right for each occasion。

  奥巴马的秘密武器 Secret weapon

  提词器:无论去哪里,奥巴马都随身携带提词器。每次外出演讲,他都会带着这个笔记本大小的方形玻璃装置,里面有备好的演讲摘要。

  Teleprompter: Obama doesn't go anywhere without hisTeleprompter. The textbook-sized panes of glass holding thepresident`s prepared remarks follow him wherever he goes tospeak。

  写作团队:该团队专门负责为奥巴马撰写演讲稿。演讲前,他们会和奥巴马座谈数小时,充分了解他想要表达的内容。之后,他们还要听过去的总统演讲录音,并向顾问寻求建议。奥巴马通常会对出来的草稿再进行数次编辑改写。

  Writing team:Obama has a team of people who write hisspeeches. The writers chat with Obama for hours about what he wantsto say. They listen to recordings of past presidential addressesand seek advice from advisers. Obama usually edits and rewrites thedrafts several times。

  如何在轻松愉快的演讲中传达你的信息?奥巴马自有妙招:

  Obama's tricks for a lighthearted speech that stays onmessage:

  打趣来宾:奥巴马经常在演讲一开始打趣来宾。这样一来,他的开场白不仅能成功吸引听众们的注意力,还可以让他们放松下来,彼此会心一笑。

  Make fun of the guests: Obama starts his speech by gentlyteasing his guests. His opening lines grab the audience`s attentionwhile giving them an opportunity to relax and laugh at themselvesand each other。

  拿别人开涮的同时,也别忘了自嘲:对一个演讲者而言,如果你想要拿其他人打趣,那么一定别忘了也要来自嘲一下。奥巴马曾嘲笑自己在商务部长提名上没有太多选择,他说:“在这么短的时间内任命3位商务部长,恐怕我是头一个了。”实情是,前两位被提名者都由于种种原因而推掉了。结果任命商务部长这么一件本应很顺畅的事,却成了奥巴马政府的老大难。

  Make fun of yourself: A good rule for speechmakers: If you'regoing to make a joke about someone else, be sure to make one aboutyourself, too. Obama mocks his own poor choices for filling theposition of Commerce Secretary, saying, "No President in historyhas ever named three Commerce Secretaries this quickly." In fact,his first two nominees for the position withdrew their names fordifferent reasons. In a process that had otherwise gone smoothly,the Obama Administration was tripped up by the problem of fillingthe Commerce seat。

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