学习啦  文霞   2018-12-17 17:42:25



  Wakefield High School

  Arlington, Virginia

  THE PRESIDENT: Hello, everybody! Thank you. Thank you. Thank you, everybody. All right, everybody go ahead and have a seat. How is everybody doing today? (Applause.) How about Tim Spicer? (Applause.) I am here with students at Wakefield High School in Arlington, Virginia. And we’ve got students tuning in from all across America, from kindergarten through 12th grade. And I am just so glad that all could join us today. And I want to thank Wakefield for being such an outstanding host. Give yourselves a big round of applause. (Applause.)

  大家好!谢谢你们。谢谢你们。谢谢你们大家。好,大家请就坐。你们今天都好吗?(掌声)蒂姆•斯派塞(Tim Spicer)好吗?(掌声)我现在与弗吉尼亚州阿灵顿郡韦克菲尔德高中的学生们在一起。美国各地从小学预备班到中学12年级的学生正在收听收看。我很高兴大家今天都能参与。我还要感谢韦克菲尔德高中出色的组织安排。请为你们自己热烈鼓掌。(掌声)

  I know that for many of you, today is the first day of school. And for those of you in kindergarten, or starting middle or high school, it’s your first day in a new school, so it’s understandable if you’re a little nervous. I imagine there are some seniors out there who are feeling pretty good right now -- (applause) -- with just one more year to go. And no matter what grade you’re in, some of you are probably wishing it were still summer and you could’ve stayed in bed just a little bit longer this morning.


  I know that feeling. When I was young, my family lived overseas. I lived in Indonesia for a few years. And my mother, she didn’t have the money to send me where all the American kids went to school, but she thought it was important for me to keep up with an American education. So she decided to teach me extra lessons herself, Monday through Friday. But because she had to go to work, the only time she could do it was at 4:30 in the morning.


  Now, as you might imagine, I wasn’t too happy about getting up that early. And a lot of times, I’d fall asleep right there at the kitchen table. But whenever I’d complain, my mother would just give me one of those looks and she’d say, “This is no picnic for me either, buster.” (Laughter.)


  So I know that some of you are still adjusting to being back at school. But I’m here today because I have something important to discuss with you. I’m here because I want to talk with you about your education and what’s expected of all of you in this new school year.


  Now, I’ve given a lot of speeches about education. And I’ve talked about responsibility a lot.


  I’ve talked about teachers’ responsibility for inspiring students and pushing you to learn.


  I’ve talked about your parents’ responsibility for making sure you stay on track, and you get your homework done, and don’t spend every waking hour in front of the TV or with the Xbox.


  I’ve talked a lot about your government’s responsibility for setting high standards, and supporting teachers and principals, and turning around schools that aren’t working, where students aren’t getting the opportunities that they deserve.


  But at the end of the day, we can have the most dedicated teachers, the most supportive parents, the best schools in the world -- and none of it will make a difference, none of it will matter unless all of you fulfill your responsibilities, unless you show up to those schools, unless you pay attention to those teachers, unless you listen to your parents and grandparents and other adults and put in the hard work it takes to succeed. That’s what I want to focus on today: the responsibility each of you has for your education.


  I want to start with the responsibility you have to yourself. Every single one of you has something that you’re good at. Every single one of you has something to offer. And you have a responsibility to yourself to discover what that is. That’s the opportunity an education can provide.


  Maybe you could be a great writer -- maybe even good enough to write a book or articles in a newspaper -- but you might not know it until you write that English paper -- that English class paper that’s assigned to you. Maybe you could be an innovator or an inventor -- maybe even good enough to come up with the next iPhone or the new medicine or vaccine -- but you might not know it until you do your project for your science class. Maybe you could be a mayor or a senator or a Supreme Court justice -- but you might not know that until you join student government or the debate team.


  And no matter what you want to do with your life, I guarantee that you’ll need an education to do it. You want to be a doctor, or a teacher, or a police officer? You want to be a nurse or an architect, a lawyer or a member of our military? You’re going to need a good education for every single one of those careers. You cannot drop out of school and just drop into a good job. You’ve got to train for it and work for it and learn for it.


  And this isn’t just important for your own life and your own future. What you make of your education will decide nothing less than the future of this country. The future of America depends on you. What you’re learning in school today will determine whether we as a nation can meet our greatest challenges in the future.


  You’ll need the knowledge and problem-solving skills you learn in science and math to cure diseases like cancer and AIDS, and to develop new energy technologies and protect our environment. You’ll need the insights and critical-thinking skills you gain in history and social studies to fight poverty and homelessness, crime and discrimination, and make our nation more fair and more free. You’ll need the creativity and ingenuity you develop in all your classes to build new companies that will create new jobs and boost our economy.


  We need every single one of you to develop your talents and your skills and your intellect so you can help us old folks solve our most difficult problems. If you don’t do that -- if you quit on school -- you’re not just quitting on yourself, you’re quitting on your country.


  Now, I know it’s not always easy to do well in school. I know a lot of you have challenges in your lives right now that can make it hard to focus on your schoolwork.


  I get it. I know what it’s like. My father left my family when I was two years old, and I was raised by a single mom who had to work and who struggled at times to pay the bills and wasn’t always able to give us the things that other kids had. There were times when I missed having a father in my life. There were times when I was lonely and I felt like I didn’t fit in.

  我明白这一点。 我有亲身感受。两岁时,我父亲离家而去,我是由一位单亲母亲抚养成人的,母亲不得不工作,并时常为支付生活费用而苦苦挣扎,但有时仍无法为我们提供其他孩子享有的东西。有时,我渴望生活中能有一位父亲。有时我感到孤独,感到自己不适应社会。

  So I wasn’t always as focused as I should have been on school, and I did some things I’m not proud of, and I got in more trouble than I should have. And my life could have easily taken a turn for the worse.


  But I was -- I was lucky. I got a lot of second chances, and I had the opportunity to go to college and law school and follow my dreams. My wife, our First Lady Michelle Obama, she has a similar story. Neither of her parents had gone to college, and they didn’t have a lot of money. But they worked hard, and she worked hard, so that she could go to the best schools in this country.

  但是,我当年际遇不错。我有过许多第二次机会,我有幸能上大学,上法学院,追求自己的理想。我的妻子,我们的第一夫人米歇尔•奥巴马,也有着类似的经历。她的父母都未曾上过大学,家里很穷。但他们非常勤奋 ,她也是如此,因此她得以进入一些美国最好的学校。

  Some of you might not have those advantages. Maybe you don’t have adults in your life who give you the support that you need. Maybe someone in your family has lost their job and there’s not enough money to go around. Maybe you live in a neighborhood where you don’t feel safe, or have friends who are pressuring you to do things you know aren’t right.


  But at the end of the day, the circumstances of your life -- what you look like, where you come from, how much money you have, what you’ve got going on at home -- none of that is an excuse for neglecting your homework or having a bad attitude in school. That’s no excuse for talking back to your teacher, or cutting class, or dropping out of school. There is no excuse for not trying.


  Where you are right now doesn’t have to determine where you’ll end up. No one’s written your destiny for you, because here in America, you write your own destiny. You make your own future.


  That’s what young people like you are doing every day, all across America.


  Young people like Jazmin Perez, from Roma, Texas. Jazmin didn’t speak English when she first started school. Neither of her parents had gone to college. But she worked hard, earned good grades, and got a scholarship to Brown University -- is now in graduate school, studying public health, on her way to becoming Dr. Jazmin Perez.

  来自得州罗马城的贾兹敏•佩雷斯(Jazmin Perez)就是一个例证,她刚开始上学时并不会说英文。她的父母都没有上过大学。然而,她非常勤奋,成绩优秀,获得了布朗大学的奖学金,她如今正在读研究生,攻读公共卫生专业,不久将成为贾兹敏•佩雷斯博士。

  I’m thinking about Andoni Schultz, from Los Altos, California, who’s fought brain cancer since he was three. He’s had to endure all sorts of treatments and surgeries, one of which affected his memory, so it took him much longer -- hundreds of extra hours -- to do his schoolwork. But he never fell behind. He’s headed to college this fall.我想起了加州洛斯阿尔托斯城的安多尼•舒尔茨(Andoni Schultz),他从三岁开始就一直与脑癌进行抗争,他不得不忍受各类治疗和手术带来的痛苦,其中一项手术曾影响了他的记忆,因此他花在功课上的时间比一般人长得多,要多出数百个小时。然而,他从未落后。他今年秋季将迈进大学。

  And then there’s Shantell Steve, from my hometown of Chicago, Illinois. Even when bouncing from foster home to foster home in the toughest neighborhoods in the city, she managed to get a job at a local health care center, start a program to keep young people out of gangs, and she’s on track to graduate high school with honors and go on to college.

  我还想起家乡伊利诺伊州芝加哥市的尚特尔•史蒂夫(Shantell Steve)。她曾在芝加哥最困难的社区生活,寄养于多个不同的家庭,但她最终在一家地方医疗中心找到工作,并开始了一项帮助年轻人远离流氓团伙的计划,她即将以优异成绩从中学毕业,紧接着将上大学。

  And Jazmin, Andoni, and Shantell aren’t any different from any of you. They face challenges in their lives just like you do. In some cases they’ve got it a lot worse off than many of you. But they refused to give up. They chose to take responsibility for their lives, for their education, and set goals for themselves. And I expect all of you to do the same.贾兹敏、安多尼和尚特尔与你们中间的每个人没什么两样。跟你们一样,他们在生活中面临种种挑战。在某些情况下,他们的处境比起你们许多人更差。但他们拒绝放弃。他们决定要为自己的一生、自己的教育负起责任,为自己设定各项奋斗目标。我期待你们大家都会这样做。

  That’s why today I’m calling on each of you to set your own goals for your education -- and do everything you can to meet them. Your goal can be something as simple as doing all your homework, paying attention in class, or spending some time each day reading a book. Maybe you’ll decide to get involved in an extracurricular activity, or volunteer in your community. Maybe you’ll decide to stand up for kids who are being teased or bullied because of who they are or how they look, because you believe, like I do, that all young people deserve a safe environment to study and learn. Maybe you’ll decide to take better care of yourself so you can be more ready to learn. And along those lines, by the way, I hope all of you are washing your hands a lot, and that you stay home from school when you don’t feel well, so we can keep people from getting the flu this fall and winter.


  But whatever you resolve to do, I want you to commit to it. I want you to really work at it.但无论你决定做什么,我希望你保证去做。我希望你脚踏实地地去做。

  I know that sometimes you get that sense from TV that you can be rich and successful without any hard work -- that your ticket to success is through rapping or basketball or being a reality TV star. Chances are you’re not going to be any of those things.我知道有时候你会从电视上得到这样的印象:你不用做任何艰苦的工作就能发财致富并取得成功,唱小调、打篮球或成为真人秀明星是走向成功的途径。但实际情况是:你可能不会成为其中的一员。

  The truth is, being successful is hard. You won’t love every subject that you study. You won’t click with every teacher that you have. Not every homework assignment will seem completely relevant to your life right at this minute. And you won’t necessarily succeed at everything the first time you try.


  That’s okay. Some of the most successful people in the world are the ones who’ve had the most failures. J.K. Rowling’s -- who wrote Harry Potter -- her first Harry Potter book was rejected 12 times before it was finally published. Michael Jordan was cut from his high school basketball team. He lost hundreds of games and missed thousands of shots during his career. But he once said, “I have failed over and over and over again in my life. And that’s why I succeed.”

  这些都没关系。世界上最成功的人士中有一些是遭遇失败最多的人。作者J•K•罗琳(J.K. Rowling)所写的系列小说《哈利•波特》(Harry Potter)第一部在获得出版之前被退稿12次。迈克尔•乔丹(Michael Jordan)曾被他的高中篮球队除名。在乔丹的篮球生涯中,他输过数百场比赛,有成千上万个球没有投中。但他曾说过:“在我的一生中,我失败了一次又一次、一次又一次。这就是我成功的原因。”

  These people succeeded because they understood that you can’t let your failures define you -- you have to let your failures teach you. You have to let them show you what to do differently the next time. So if you get into trouble, that doesn’t mean you’re a troublemaker, it means you need to try harder to act right. If you get a bad grade, that doesn’t mean you’re stupid, it just means you need to spend more time studying.


  No one’s born being good at all things. You become good at things through hard work. You’re not a varsity athlete the first time you play a new sport. You don’t hit every note the first time you sing a song. You’ve got to practice. The same principle applies to your schoolwork. You might have to do a math problem a few times before you get it right. You might have to read something a few times before you understand it. You definitely have to do a few drafts of a paper before it’s good enough to hand in.


  Don’t be afraid to ask questions. Don’t be afraid to ask for help when you need it. I do that every day. Asking for help isn’t a sign of weakness, it’s a sign of strength because it shows you have the courage to admit when you don’t know something, and that then allows you to learn something new. So find an adult that you trust -- a parent, a grandparent or teacher, a coach or a counselor -- and ask them to help you stay on track to meet your goals.


  And even when you’re struggling, even when you’re discouraged, and you feel like other people have given up on you, don’t ever give up on yourself, because when you give up on yourself, you give up on your country.


  The story of America isn’t about people who quit when things got tough. It’s about people who kept going, who tried harder, who loved their country too much to do anything less than their best.


  It’s the story of students who sat where you sit 250 years ago, and went on to wage a revolution and they founded this nation. Young people. Students who sat where you sit 75 years ago who overcame a Depression and won a world war; who fought for civil rights and put a man on the moon. Students who sat where you sit 20 years ago who founded Google and Twitter and Facebook and changed the way we communicate with each other.


  So today, I want to ask all of you, what’s your contribution going to be? What problems are you going to solve? What discoveries will you make? What will a President who comes here in 20 or 50 or 100 years say about what all of you did for this country?


  Now, your families, your teachers, and I are doing everything we can to make sure you have the education you need to answer these questions. I’m working hard to fix up your classrooms and get you the books and the equipment and the computers you need to learn. But you’ve got to do your part, too. So I expect all of you to get serious this year. I expect you to put your best effort into everything you do. I expect great things from each of you. So don’t let us down. Don’t let your family down or your country down. Most of all, don’t let yourself down. Make us all proud.


  Thank you very much, everybody. God bless you. God bless America. Thank you. (Applause.)



  At his trial in 1964, NelsonMandela closed his statement from the dock saying, "I have fought againstwhite domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherishedthe ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live togetherin harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to livefor and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared todie."


  And Nelson Mandela lived for thatideal, and he made it real. He achieved more than could be expected of any man.Today, he has gone home. And we have lost one of the most influential,courageous, and profoundly good human beings that any of us will share timewith on this Earth. He no longer belongs to us -- he belongs to the ages.


  Through his fierce dignity andunbending will to sacrifice his own freedom for the freedom of others, Madibatransformed South Africa -- and moved all of us. His journey from a prisoner toa President embodied the promise that human beings -- and countries -- canchange for the better. His commitment to transfer power and reconcile withthose who jailed him set an example that all humanity should aspire to, whetherin the lives of nations or our own personal lives. And the fact that he did itall with grace and good humor, and an ability to acknowledge his ownimperfections, only makes the man that much more remarkable. As he once said,"I am not a saint, unless you think of a saint as a sinner who keeps ontrying."


  I am one of the countless millionswho drew inspiration from Nelson Mandela's life. My very first politicalaction, the first thing I ever did that involved an issue or a policy orpolitics, was a protest against apartheid. I studied his words and hiswritings. The day that he was released from prison gave me a sense of whathuman beings can do when they’re guided by their hopes and not by their fears.And like so many around the globe, I cannot fully imagine my own life withoutthe example that Nelson Mandela set, and so long as I live I will do what I canto learn from him.


  To Graça Machel and his family,Michelle and I extend our deepest sympathy and gratitude for sharing thisextraordinary man with us. His life’s work meant long days away from those wholoved him the most. And I only hope that the time spent with him these last fewweeks brought peace and comfort to his family.


  To the people of South Africa, we draw strength from the example of renewal,andreconciliation, and resilience that you made real. A free South Africa atpeace with itself -- that’s an example to the world, and that’s Madiba’s legacyto the nation he loved.


  We will not likely see the likes of Nelson Mandela again. So it falls to us asbest we can to forward the example that he set: to make decisions guided not byhate, but by love; to never discount the difference that one person can make;to strive for a future that is worthy of his sacrifice.


  For now, let us pause and give thanks for the fact that Nelson Mandela lived --a man who took history in his hands, and bent the arc of the moral universetoward justice. May God Bless his memory and keep him in peace.




  YOU might say that one reason Barack Obama is president of theUS is because he knows how to give a good speech. In 2004, whenMassachusetts Senator John Kerry was the Democratic Party's nomineefor the presidency, a little-known senator from Illinois gave thekeynote speech at the Democratic National Convention. That senatorwas Obama. It was a remarkable speech - poetic, and inspiring. Thepeople who heard it would remember it for a long time。


  Since 2004, Obama has written and delivered thousands ofspeeches. These are usually praised for two reasons: he treats theaudiences like intelligent adults, and he is able to expresscomplicated ideas in a straightforward, natural way。


  Before becoming president, Obama was a lawyer, a collegeprofessor, and a successful writer - his two memoirs have becomebest-sellers. The skills he needed to succeed in his previous jobshave also contributed to his success as a speechmaker。


  As a lawyer, Obama learned how to make strong, convincingarguments. As a professor, he learned how to explain complexsubjects in ways that helped students understand without boringthem. As a writer, he learned how to use language to have apowerful impact on his audience. Star musician will.i.am eventurned one of Obama`s early speeches into a song during theelection campaign。


  Obama delivers speeches to audiences large and small. He canmake his audiences laugh or cry. His speeches are alwaysthoughtful, well written, and just right for each occasion。

  奥巴马的秘密武器 Secret weapon


  Teleprompter: Obama doesn't go anywhere without hisTeleprompter. The textbook-sized panes of glass holding thepresident`s prepared remarks follow him wherever he goes tospeak。


  Writing team:Obama has a team of people who write hisspeeches. The writers chat with Obama for hours about what he wantsto say. They listen to recordings of past presidential addressesand seek advice from advisers. Obama usually edits and rewrites thedrafts several times。


  Obama's tricks for a lighthearted speech that stays onmessage:


  Make fun of the guests: Obama starts his speech by gentlyteasing his guests. His opening lines grab the audience`s attentionwhile giving them an opportunity to relax and laugh at themselvesand each other。


  Make fun of yourself: A good rule for speechmakers: If you'regoing to make a joke about someone else, be sure to make one aboutyourself, too. Obama mocks his own poor choices for filling theposition of Commerce Secretary, saying, "No President in historyhas ever named three Commerce Secretaries this quickly." In fact,his first two nominees for the position withdrew their names fordifferent reasons. In a process that had otherwise gone smoothly,the Obama Administration was tripped up by the problem of fillingthe Commerce seat。