keep在英语单词中的用法总结

学习啦  燕妮   2015-10-19 14:43:56

  下面是学习啦小编整理的一些关于keep在英语单词中的用法,欢迎大家阅读!

  keep在英语单词中的用法总结:

  一、keep作使役动词,意为“使保持、继续(某种状态)”,其后常跟复合宾语结构。

  1. keep+过去分词的复合宾语结构,意为“使保持”。如:

  The other students in the class keep their eyes closed.

  班上其他学生的眼睛仍然闭着。

  2. keep+现在分词的复合宾语结构,意为“使继续”。如:

  keep your mother waiting.

  别让你母亲等着。

  You kept me waiting for a day, why?

  你让我等了你一天,为什么?

  3. keep+形容词的复合宾语结构,意为“使保持……”。如:

  Close the door and keep the room warm.

  关上门,使房间暖和。

  The glasses keep their eyes safe.

  (戴)眼镜保护眼睛。

  4. keep+副词的复合宾语结构,意为“使远离”、“不接近”。如:

  Shall I keep her away from school?

  我是否要让她去上学?

  Keep the child away from water?謘s edge.

  让孩子离水边远一点。

  5. keep+介词短语的复合宾语结构,意为“使继续”、“保持”。如:

  She was ill and had to keep to her bed.

  她病了,不得不躺在床上。

  Running keeps him in good health.

  跑步使他身体健康。

  6. keep+名词的复合宾语结构,意为“使记录”、“保持处于……”。如:

  Tom keeps a diary every day.

  汤姆每天坚持写一篇日记。

  Let?謘s keep it a secret.

  咱们对此事保密。

  二、keep作系动词,意为“保持、继续(处于某种状态)”,其后常跟形容词、副词、介词短语作表语。

  1. keep+形容词。如:

  Keep silent,please.

  请保持安静。

  You must look after yourself and keep healthy.

  你必须照顾好自己,保持健康。

  2. keep+副词。如:

  The teacher kept Wang Lin back yesterday afternoon.

  昨天下午老师把王林留在后面。

  Danger! Keep out!

  危险!不要入内!

  3. keep+介词短语。如:

  Keep off the grass.

  别践踏草地。

  Keep at it. Don?謘t give up!

  不要放弃,坚持下去。

  三、keep作及物动词,意为“保留、经营、养活”等。

  1. keep意为“保持”、“保留”。如:

  You may keep the book as your own.

  你可以把那本书当作自己的留下来。

  We?謘ll keep these for another day.

  我们还要将这些东西保留一天。

  2. keep意为“经营”、“管理”。如:

  Lily keeps a shop.

  莉莉开了一家商店。

  —Do you sell the model plane?你们卖飞机模型吗?

  —Sorry, but we don?謘t keep them. 对不起,我们不卖这模型。

  3. keep意为“养活”、“照顾”。如:

  Though he was only 23, he had a wife and family to keep.

  虽然他年仅23岁,可他要养家糊口。

  4. keep意为“饲养”、“喂养”。如:

  Mrs Green keeps three sheep.

  格林夫人养了三只绵羊。

  Bruce keeps a lot of hens.

  布鲁斯养了许多鸡。

  5. keep意为“遵守”、“维护”。如:

  He keeps a promise.

  他遵守诺言。

  Keep the law, please.

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