如何在英语写作中使句式多样化

学习啦  燕妮   2015-10-24 16:08:15

  书面表达是高考中考查考生写作能力的一个重要的部分,它主要是考查考生使用英语基础知识进行表达的能力。要求考生根据所给情景,用英语写一篇100个单词左右的短文。情景包括目的、对象、时间、地点、内容等;提供情景的形式用图画、图表、提纲、短文等。短文体裁包括记叙文、说明文和应用文。那么要想做好英语书面表达,必须注意解题步骤及方法。

  如何在英语写作中使句式多样化?

  根据情况,使句子多样化,使文章灵活多姿。例如下列五个句子的基本概念一样,但是句式不同,内容重点也有些差别:

  (1) The goats grazed peacefully in the farm and were unaware of the approaching hunter. (并列分句(1)+2)

  (2) Grazing peacefully, the goats in the farm were unaware of the approaching hunter. (现在分语短语+简单句)

  (3) In the farm, the goats grazed peacefully and were unaware of the approaching hunter. (副词短语+并列分句(1)-(2) )

  (4) There were goats grazing peacefully in the farm, unaware of the approaching hunter. (简单句+形容语短语)

  (5) As the goats grazed peacefully in the farm, they were unaware of the approaching hunter. (原因副词从句+主句)

  (1)和(5)的句式最常见;如果加上其他三种互相交替,句子不是更多样化吗?

  最后,看看这两个句子要如何多样化呢?

  (6) The young pilot was on his first overseas training.

  (7) He felt very uneasy.

  --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  (a) The young pilot on his first overseas training felt very uneasy.

  (b) The young pilot felt very uneasy during his first overseas training.

  (c) The young pilot's first overseas training made him feel very uneasy.

  (d) Extreme uneasiness seized the young pilot on his first overseas training.

  (e) The young pilot was on his first overseas training, feeling very uneasy.

  (f) It being his first overseas training, the young pilot felt very uneasy.

  (g) Being on his first overseas training, the young pilot felt very uneasy.

  (h) The young pilot was on his first overseas training and felt very uneasy.

  (i) The young pilot, who was on his first overseas training, felt very uneasy.

  (j) When the young pilot was on his/first overseas trainging, he felt very uneasy.

  (k) As the young pilot was on his first overseas training, he felt very uneasy.

  (l) The young pilot was on his first overseas training, so that he felt very uneasy.

  在上述12个句子中,(a)-(g)是简单句;(h)是并列句;(i)-(l)是复杂句。简单句除(b)和(g)之外,其他五样,用的人并不多。人们最喜欢采用复杂句,尤其是(j)和(k)这两款;接着便是并列句(h)。如果大多数人的句子只限于(b),(g), (h), (j)和(k)这五种,而其他的则弃如敝屣,不是很可惜吗?

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