五年级英语知识点

学习啦  跃瀚   2021-05-24 16:50:39

对于英语,我们需要把陌生的单词片语和句型语法不断的熟悉和熟练,使之成为我们的一种习惯,把它变成我们的第二天性。因此,重复重复再重复,熟练熟练再熟练,是学会英语的不二法门。下面是小编给大家整理的一些五年级英语的知识点,希望对大家有所帮助。

小学五年级英语知识点:名词复数的不规则变化

1、特定名词不规则变化

child---children,foot---feet, tooth---teeth

mouse---mice,man---men , woman---women

注意:与 man 和 woman构成的合成词,其复数形式也是 -men 和-women。

如: an Englishman,two Englishmen. 但German不是合成词,故复数形式为Germans;Bowman是姓,其复数是the Bowmans。

2、单复同形 如:

deer,sheep,fish,Chinese,Japanese

li,jin,yuan,two li,three mu,four jin

但除人民币元、角、分外,美元、英镑、法郎等都有复数形式。

如: a dollar, two dollars;  a meter, two meters

3、集体名词,以单数形式出现,但实为复数。

如people police cattle 等本身就是复数,不能说 a people,a police,a cattle,但可以说a person,a policeman,a head of cattle,the English,the British,the French,the Chinese,the Japanese,the Swiss 等名词,表示国民总称时,作复数用。

如: The Chinese are industries and brave. 中国人民是勤劳勇敢的。

4、以s结尾,仍为单数的名词,如:

a. maths,politics,physics等学科名词,为不可数名词,是单数。

b. news 是不可数名词。

c. the United States,the United Nations 应视为单数。

如:The United Nations was organized in 1945. 联合国是1945年组建起来的。

d. 以复数形式出现的书名,剧名,报纸,杂志名,也可视为单数。

如:“The Arabian Nights” is a very interesting story-book.

《一千零一夜》是一本非常有趣的故事书。

5、 表示由两部分构成的东西,如:glasses (眼镜) trousers, clothes

若表达具体数目,要借助数量词 pair(对,双); suit(套); a pair of glasses; two pairs of trousers

6、另外还有一些名词,其复数形式有时可表示特别意思,如:goods货物,waters水域,fishes(各种)鱼

小学五年级英语知识点:基数词能否加“s”

1.thousands of / millions of / hundreds and hundreds of / hundreds of thousands of / thousands upon thousands of 成千上万

例:There are hundreds of thousands of people in the park. 公园里的人有千百个。

2. in twos and threes 三三两两

例:They came home from church by twos and threes. 他们三三两两地从教堂回来。

3. at sixes and sevens 乱七八糟

例:His wife was away and the house was at sixes and sevens. 他妻子不在,家里乱七八糟的。

4. in ones fifties 在五十多岁时(fifties 前可插入 early, late, mid-, middle)

例:The boys are all in their teens. 那些男孩年纪都在十几岁。

Jane is only in her early forties. 简才刚刚四十出头。

She was in her mid-twenties. 她有二十五、六岁。

He was then in his late seventies. 他当时已经快八十岁了。

5. in the 1960s (in the 1960s) 二十世纪六十年代

例:He made acquaintance of her in the 1960s. 六十年代他认识了她。

小学五年级英语口语学习知识点

发音连读

Although in written English, there’re spaces between every word, in spoken English there’re always never pauses between words.

虽然在书面英语当中,每个单词之间是有空的,而在英语口语中经常是单词之间是没有停顿的。

In order to understand spoken English, it is essential to understand how this linking is done.

为了能懂英语口语,懂得如何连音是非常重要的。

Today let’s concentrate on the most common sound linking situation.

今天我们来关注最普通的连音情况。

Whenever a word ending in a consonant sound is followed by a word beginning with a vowel sound, the consonant sound is linked to the vowel sound as if they were part of the same word.

若以辅音结尾的单词后面跟着以元音开头的单词,这个辅音就和后面的元音连在一起发音,如同这两个音构成了一个单词。

Let’s look at some examples.

让我们来看一些例子。

I’d like another bowl of rice, please.

我想再要一碗饭。

First, note that although there’re six words in the sentence, all the words are linked together without pause.

首先,注意下虽然这个句子里有六个单词,但是所有的单词都没有停顿地连在一起。

Listen again.

再听一遍。

I’d like another bowl of rice, please.

我想再要一碗饭。

Now listen to how the words “like” and “another” are linked.

现在听下单词 “like”和 “another”是如何连在一起的。

“Like another”, “like-another”. “Like” ends in a consonant sound, and “another” begins with a vowel sound.

单词 “like” 是以辅音结束的,而单词 “another” 是以元音开始的。

So the “k” from “like” is linked to the “a” from “another” to produce “kanother”.

因此,单词 “like” 中的 “k” 和单词 “another” 中的 “a” 连在一起发 “kanother”.

Listen to the example sentence again.

再听下这个例句。

I’d like another bowl of rice, please.

我想再要一碗饭。

In the sentence there is another example of a consonant being linked to a vowel.

在这个句子里有另外一个辅音与元音相连的例子。

A bowl of, a bowl-of. A bowl of, a bowl-of.

It sounds like that you’re saying the word “love”.

听起来像在说单词 “love”。

Here’s another example.

另外一个例子。

I’d love a bowl of rice.

我想要一碗饭。

This sound linking is probably the biggest problem for learners of English when they try to understand native speaker’s talking.

这个连音可能是英语学习者努力去弄懂以英语母语的人的话遇到的问题。

We’ll talk more about sound linking in future daily tips, as this is an extremely important feature of spoken English.

我们将在以后的日常小贴士中会学习更多关于连音的,因为这是口语中的一个很重要的特点。

Today’s tip is to link consonants to vowels which come after them. Till then, tomorrow, for another daily tip.


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