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keep的词组搭配用法总结

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  keep是一个小词,也是备考的核心词之一.它的诸多 含义可以分成两类,一是系动词,二是行为动词.作为状态系动词,其后跟形容词,副词,名词和介短作表语,这是考生们所熟悉的.下面是学习啦小编整理的一些关于keep的词组搭配用法, 希望让大家更好地认识keep这个单词,提高英语水平。

  keep的词组搭配用法总结

  keep fit(形容词)

  keep away from sb(副词)

  I think we shall keep friends.(名词)

  keep in touch with(介短)

  作为行为动词,它的含义就比较多了,但我们应该记它的本义,即"保持,保留,保存",因此而引申为"经营管理,照顾养活,遵守维护,饲养,庆祝和使继续处于某种状态"等.在这诸多的引申义中,我们又要重点掌握它的最后一个含义即"使处于某状态",此时其后跟形容词,副词,名词,介短,分词作补足语:

  keep your eyes open (形容词)

  I'm sorry to keep you up so late.(副词)

  That kept her a student.(名词)

  Keep your nose out of my affairs.(副词)

  the fire burning (现分) keep your eyes shut(过分)

  当然,最让人头疼的还是它的搭配能力,即由其构成的许多成语,下面就这一问题做一总结(按字母顺序排列)

  2.keep用于成语:

  keep a close watch on 密切注意

  keep a firm hold on 牢牢控制

  keep abreast of 跟上

  keep an account 记帐

  keep an eye on 照看,瞧着点

  keep after 紧紧追赶,老是和某人吵架

  keep at 坚持不懈地做某事;纠缠某人

  keep at a distance 保持距离,不与亲近

  keep away(from) 远离

  keep back 隐瞒不讲;扣下不付;留在后面不走;阻止

  keep body and soul together 维持活命

  keep company和某人在一起

  keep down 控制,限制;压迫,压制;使不吐出

  keep faith with 对某人守信用

  keep from 隐瞒;避开;使自己不做某事(跟doing sth):

  I could hardly keep from laughing.

  The boy couldn’t keep from crying when he fell down.

  keep sb. from doing sth. 阻 止某人做某事:

  The heavy rain kept us from going out.

  When the time came for Leonov to go out, his companion helped him fix the line that was to keep him from floating away from the ship.当列昂诺夫走出飞船的时刻到来时,他的同伴帮他系好缆绳,以免他从飞船漂走。

  keep sb. doing sth. 让某人不停地做某事:

  Don’t keep your mother waiting.

  You can draw a good horse in five minutes, yet you kept me waiting for a year.

  keep going 能继续下去

  keep in 呆在家里;让火燃着不灭;忍住不发脾气

  keep ...in 使某人有吃(喝穿用等)

  keep in mind 记住,放在心里

  keep in with和某人保持友好关系

  keep off 避开,不要踩(吃、碰、谈等),如:Keep off the grass.

  The only way to get your weight down is to keep off fattening foods.

  The tiger in the zoo is very dangerous. You’d better keep off it.

  keep…off 使…避开,使…不要踩(吃、碰、谈等),如:How can I keep the fliesoff this jam?

  To keep the ship off the shore was impossible.

  [注]keep away 与keep…away 也有类似区别:

  keep away 避开,不接近(连写时常和from连用)如:

  He keeps away from liquor and tobacco.

  We kept away from the fierce dog.

  ※但不说keep away it.

  keep…away使…离开,使…不接近。如:

  would you please keep that dog away, please?

  keep on继续干(穿戴,雇用),坚持

  keep on doing sth 与 keep doing sth.

  keep on doing sth.: continue doing sth. do sth. frequently or repeatedly.继续做某事,强调决心,迎难而上,表示动作的反复。 如: You must keep on even if you fail.

  Although it started raining, we kept on working.

  He kept on asking the silly question. 他反复地问那个愚蠢的问题。

  In the years that followed, Marx kept on studying English and using it.在随后的几年中,马克思继续学习和使用英语。

  keep doing sth.:cause a process or state to continue , 表示状态或过程的继续,强调动作本身的间断性。如:

  While he was walking, he kept thinking of problems he had met in his studies.当他在走路的时候,他还继续思考他在研究中碰到的问题。

  He caught such a bad cold that he kept coughing all morning.

  【温馨提示】

  1.两句型后都接动态动词如talking, working, writing 不接静态动词如:sitting, sleeping,

  2.在表示“间断性动作”时,可通用。如:Why does she keep (on) giggling?

  My shoe lace keeps (on)coming undone. 我的鞋带老是松开。

  Why does she keep (on) giggling?

  3.两个句型之后都不可接不定式。

  keep oneself to oneself 不交际不与人来往

  His father’s love of privacy often puzzled Terry, who was not one to keep himself to himself.

  keep one's mind on把注意力集中在...上

  keep one's word(appointment)信守诺言

  keep out挡住,使不进去

  keep out of不牵涉进去,不要惹

  keep pace跟上,不落在后面

  keep silence保持沉默

  keep time守时

  keep to 坚持、遵守, 留在某处,to 是介词。

  Keep to it. You must not stop till the job is finished.

  He always keeps his promises.

  MY friend was obliged to keep to his bed because of a fever.

  keep to oneself不告诉别人

  keep together在一起,协同一致

  keep up 维持,保持:

  As Senior 3 students, it is important to keep up a good state of mind.

  keep up with跟上,不落在别人的后面

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